Law enforcement officers in Egypt's strongest and richest period: Story of the Mecais

We learn about one of the important troops in the New Kingdom Period, which started with the removal of the Hiksos from Egypt and the re-establishment of central political domination in 1550 BC.
mecai ... The word "mecalılar" in 21st century Turkish, "mecaî" in Arabic singular conjugation and "mecaîyun" in plural conjugation, and probably "mecevî" according to the spelling rules in language. unofficial law enforcement officers of the new kingdom Egypt serving as desert scouts and guardians of the land.

The word was originally the name of a nomadic nubian ethnicity that lives in the south of Egypt and in an area called meca in the north of Sudan and offers its services to the Egyptians as mercenaries. the nubian mecaîs established an ethnic local authority and a complex local law enforcement agency that protected this administration from threats. In the meantime, the word mecaî, which has ethnic names, has become the name of the desert force they established to protect their rule.

During the middle kingdom, the ancient Egyptians appreciated the fighting of the mecai in their southern voyages, and hired them as liberties for reconnaissance, intelligence and protection of desert borders, both as infantry and cavalry.

When it comes to the eighteenth dynasty, mecai; it was no longer an ethnic force, but it had become an elite and irrational local law enforcement agency that was organized separately from the local law enforcement agencies in its neighborhood and was accountable to its autonomous administrative structures.

After the twentieth dynasty (1189-1077 BC), the mecai were no longer mentioned.

origins and mercenary times
mecaî bet, for the first time in known written sources; The third king of the sixth dynasty, who ruled in the old kingdom period, takes place in the epic tale of a commander named weni, who served the king, in the records of the time of pepi. then the word mecaî; It refers to a nubian ethnic nomadic population living in meca, which is thought to be located in the south of Egypt and north of Sudan. an edict written in the period of the king concerned; While listing the ministers of the period, he described meca as an autonomous administration in the corn administration, internal affairs, but independent of foreign affairs.

The expression of mecaî in the days of the middle kingdom was more often referred to by the qualities of the ethnic population living there than meca. As mentioned in the document named semna shipments, the mecaîs were nomadic desert people and almost every part of the corn society as desert nomads; court officials, temple maids, merchants and so on served. They took part in corn fortifications in nubia and patrolled with other corn soldiers in the deserts. sometimes it was even seen that they were registered in regular troops. In the second period of interregnum between the middle and the new kingdom periods, they took part in the forces of kamose, who organized a voyage on hiksos, and became part of the transformation of the corn administration into a military might.

The "pan-tomb" culture mentioned in archaeological studies is generally thought to represent mecai by experts. this culture; It takes its name from the original circular tombs discovered in the upper maize and lower nubian regions, dated to the late middle kingdom and the second conquest days (1800-1550 BC). The sudden appearance of these graves in the nil valley, tired of belonging to a nomadic people, and the presence of nerita shells in them, led to the thought that the people in question had migrated to the valley where they dug graves from the eastern desert between the Nile river and the Red Sea.
non-local law enforcement
In the days of the eighteenth dynasty in the new kingdom period, the mecai had become an elite informal force. The expression of mecaî was no longer a meca ethnic group, it represented local law enforcement officers of meca origin but opened up to other ethnic elements in recruitment. mecaîs as an elite force; they protected precious lands, especially the capitals of royal land, which belonged to Pharaoh, royal tombs and borders. Because of their reputation for protecting the royal palaces and tombs of teb and its surrounding, mecai were now employed all over upper and lower Egypt. each local civil force had its own commander. In the new kingdom period there was also an authority called "chief of the chief," but this authority is more likely to represent an official engaged in material import and shipment for construction (perhaps fortification) activities.

The force, which originally consisted only of the nubians in meca and their descendants, had changed its essence as the maize strengthened its judgment in nubia. records that after that day, various chieftains and commanders had Egyptian names; so it shows us that they either became cornified or that other egyptians also have the right to join this local law enforcement agency (perhaps both). Although the desires of the Egyptians to be included in this force cannot be understood, it is thought that the participation was realized due to the attractiveness of the non-force of the force and the attraction of its favorite places in the society.

After the twentieth dynasty, mecaî bet was not found in the maize records. It is not known whether the ministers were abolished or whether their forces continued to exist by changing the name. however, there are records that in the fifth and fourth centuries before a population called "meded" were involved in clashes against the bird kingdom, the aforementioned 'mededs' perhaps represent the balances of the ministers.
popular culture
In the 1999 film of Stephen Sommers, the mummies were shown as loyal guards of the first set of the Pharaoh in the narrative part of the film, and the chieftain of 1923, Ardeth Bey, the beginning of the story plane of the film; It has been successfully animated by the oded fehr, and has gained the love of movie fans with its silent and noble attitudes, the sense of humor that has shown itself locally and in time, with its magnificent cut-out desert black outfits and its simple handsome looks.

In the mummy's sequel, the mummy returns, which came two years later, ardeth bey and mecaîs were highly appreciated by keeping ahm shere in a battlefield battle against the scorpion king's anubis armies.

The 2017 ubisoft montreal game, assassin's creed origins, was the subject of the last mecaî (bayek of siwa) in charge of the siwa oasis and his success.

in the coming years; "Allah Almighty!" (god with us) and "matal maut!" We wish to see more charismatic, such as Ardeth Bey and his loyal ministers, who hold their heads with their cry (until death); I wish everyone good reading and patience to read the article here :)


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