Top 10 Archeology News of March 2020

In Turkey in March and made the world's most interesting and important archaeological discoveries have compiled this list.

10- People Survived The Big Bang 74,000 Years Ago

People survived the eruption of Mount Toba, one of the largest volcanic events known on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia 74,000 years ago.
Stone tools in the Dhaba field that correspond to Toba volcanic super explosion levels. Middle Paleolithic core types. A: Chris Clarkson
Some researchers previously argued that although the archaeological evidence was limited, this explosion caused a wide volcanic winter that prevented the spread of people from Africa and the colonization of Australia. Now, researchers have found that human resettlement in northern India coincides with the eruption of Mount Toba.

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9- 2,000-Year-Old Dagger from the Roman Soldier Has Been Restored

The 2,000-year-old silver dagger in the tomb of a Roman soldier has become dazzling after restoration.
The 2,000-year-old dagger turned into a fascinating artifact after it was restored.
The weapon was found with a holster in the tomb of a Roman soldier who once fought against the German tribes. The dagger was very corroded, sandblasting and grinding were carried out for nine months before the 35-inch-long sharp weapon was restored, at which point the researchers could easily remove the dagger from its fancy holster.

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8- A Small Dinosaur Head Found in Amber

An intact head of a very small dinosaur was found in a 100-million-year-old amber in Myanmar!
The head of the well-preserved dinosaur to the present day. C: Lida Xing
This 14-millimeter-long head, including its beak, belongs to one of the smallest dinosaurs ever found. The creature in amber for nearly 100 million years belonged to the dinosaur group that evolved into modern birds. The animal was the size of the bee hummingbird, probably the smallest bird in life.

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7- When there is no animal to hunt, we can be in agriculture.

Why did it take so long to invent civilization? Modern Homo sapiens first evolved approximately 250,000 to 350,000 years ago. However, the first steps towards civilization began only 10,000 years ago, and the first civilizations appeared 6,400 years ago.
People hunted wild cattle, horses and deer in France 17,000 years ago. A: Wikipedia
We did not farm for 95 percent of our species history, we did not create large settlements or complex hierarchies. We lived in small, nomadic groups, as hunting and gatherers. Then something changed. We moved from hunter-gatherer life to plant harvest, then to planting, and finally to cities. The reasons why people start farming remain uncertain, but the extinction of animals we depend on for food may have forced our culture to flourish.

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6- 25,000-year-old structure made of mammoth bones found

A mysterious 25,000-year-old structure made of the remains of at least 60 different mammoths has been unearthed in Russia.
While this building was being built 25,000 years ago, the remains of at least 60 different mammoths were used. A: Alex Pryor
The mysterious circular structure made from dozens of mammoth remains revealed clues as to how ancient communities survived Europe's ice age. The new analysis shows that the bones in the area are more than 20,000 years old, making it the oldest built circular structure discovered in the area. Bones were probably brought from animal cemeteries.

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5- The History of "Ornamental Dogs" goes back 2,000 years

In Southern Spain, 2,000-year-old remains of an 'ornamental dog' that were born and sacrificed thousands of kilometers east. The discovery marks the long-distance trade of ornamental dogs in the Roman world.
The 2000-year-old dog skeleton looks like modern Pekingese dogs. A: Martin Sánchez et al. 2020.
The first domestic dogs were like wolves and might have been used for hunting. However, when the Roman Empire emerged, the production of dogs of all shapes and sizes was started with selective breeding in Europe and Asia. This included ornamental dogs. The small skeleton, located in the city of Córdoba, southern Spain, provides evidence of the presence of long-distance trade across the empire, previously thought to have used dogs for hunting and protection.

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4- Lost Maya Capital Found in Mexico

The capital of Sak Tz, a Mayan kingdom that has been sought for a quarter century and referred to in sculptures and inscriptions, was finally found.
Drawing of a stone slab in the newly discovered kingdom (left) and digital 3D model (right). C: Stephen Houston / Brown University
The discovery was made by a local farmer, not by archaeologists. A local man discovered a tablet of 0.6 x 1.2 meters near the Lacanja Tzeltal community in Chiapas, Mexico. The inscriptions on the tablet describe typical Mayan practices such as mythology, poetry and history, and reflect myth and reality together. Various portions of the tablet include a legendary water snake, various anonymous gods, a legendary flood, and inscriptions describing the births, lives and wars of ancient rulers.

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3- Neanderthals were eating Shark and Dolphin

The researchers revealed that Neanderthals made extensive use of coastal environments, collecting fish, crabs and mussels.
A Neanderthal reconstruction created for the Museum of Natural History in London. A: Richard Gray / Alamy
Until now, in many Neanderthal regions only remains of small-scale use of marine resources such as scattered seashells have been found. But now archaeologists have dug a cave on the Portuguese coast and discovered large relic layers, including mussels and naval minarets dating back 106,000 to 86,000 years ago. The discovery shows that Neanderthals systematically collected seafood.

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2- Homo erectus Used Two Different Stone Tool Technologies

The presence of skull pieces and stone tools in Ethiopia sheds new light on the lifestyle of Homo erectus.
Homo erectus skull fragments found in Ethiopia. A: Michael J. Rogers
The findings eliminate the idea that a human species uses only one kind of tool technology, which suggests that human ancestors are more flexible than behaviorally thought. Researchers found two Homo erectus skulls in the Gona region of Ethiopia. One was 1.26 million years old and the other was at least 1.5 million years ago. Unusually, skulls were found directly next to various stone tools. The discoveries show that both Oldowan and Ashosen tool technology are used simultaneously.

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1- An Unknown Iron Age Kingdom Discovered in Konya

During the surveys conducted in Konya, an Iron Age kingdom unknown so far was discovered: "I am the Great King Hartapu!"
The Luwian inscription written during the survey in Konya and thought to belong to the 8th century BC shows that Turkmen-Karahöyük is probably the capital of a king named Hartapu. In the inscription he writes:

“When I occupied the land of Amulet, Amulet, I was attacked by other kings. With the help of the storm god and other gods, I defeated all the other kings! ”

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