Sea creature: Balloon Fish

Puffer fish, also called puffer fish, is one of the fish fishermen prefer to avoid. You ask why?
Puffer fish; It is also known as blow fish, swell fish, puffers, puffers, fugu (the most commonly known name) globe fish. these poisonous marine fish are members of the tetraodantidae family and are called four-toothed fish.

There are about 120 species of balloon fish, and although their habitat varies, they often find habitats, from warm, deep tropical regions to subtropical regions. these regions are west india, japan, china, philippines, mexico and taiwan. they live in river mouths and underwater forests (mangroves) in southern asia and philippines.
In Japan, this fish is considered to be eaten with great elegance and delicacy, and it can find buyers in restaurants for $ 200. however, there is a toxin substance called tetradodoxine (ttx) in the skin, liver, tissues and muscles of the fish. Since this substance is stable against heat, cooking or freezing fish does not reduce the strength of the toxin.

These fish are prepared by specially trained and certified chef cooks. nevertheless, more than 200 cases of poisoning occur annually, and more than half of them result in death.
toxin movement
Tetradodoxine and alkaloid are found in dinoflagellats, a seaweed species that spreads in med-ebb areas, which are rich in nutrients. The true center of ttx is thought to derive from the species of bacteria called vibrionaceae and pseudomonas. crustaceans, mollusks, sponges and sea urchins are fed with dinoflagellats. Since balloon fish feed on these sea creatures, toxins begin to accumulate in their skin and organs. fish are protected from toxic effects by sodium channel receptors and do not mutate.

In Japan, people eat these fish because traditionally, eating these fish is perceived as looking hard and strong.
symptoms
Toxins cause death by blocking sodium channels, that is, by damaging the entire neurotransmission (sodium channels are found in the central and peripheral nervous system, heart, spleen, liver and kidney and are vital). This blocking is caused by the consumption of this type of fish, commonly called fugu, as it causes problems in the nervous system. Although physical symptoms may vary, burning and chills in the mouth and tongue (from 20 minutes to 3 hours from consumption), headache, blurred vision, nausea, loss of balance, incomprehensible speech, heart rhythm disturbance, contraction, seizure and within 4 to 6 hours death takes place. 1 mg of tetradodoxine is enough for this.
what has been done so far
- There is no antidote.
- Cooked by certified chief cooks, especially in Japan.
- fugues grown on the farm are non-toxic.
- toxin is used in modern medicine.
- Used to save heroin addicts.
- Used as pain reliever in patients with cancer, nervous, rheumatism and calcification.

Conclusion: You will not eat if your father leaves the sea.

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