Miraculous Animal, Desert Ship, Camels

Miraculous animal camel: Body temperature rises to 41 degrees, no fever. He consumes eight times more salt than cows, his blood pressure does not come out. It drinks a third of its weight but does not crack!
Professor Paul Pevet and his team from the University of Strasbourg, France published the following in an article published in the academic journal Physiological Reports in September 2014: it is because it saves fluid by adjusting its temperature. ”
If our body temperature was forty degrees, how would we be? Professor Knut Schmidt-Nielsen, who researched camels at Duke University in the USA, in his book The Camel's Nose: Memoirs of a Curious Scientist, according to the measurements they made, the body temperature of the camel was forty on a very hot day. It means that it has increased to a certain extent and fluid loss is prevented by preventing sweating. "It was evident that forty degrees of body temperature in a healthy camel did not mean" fire "in any sense," Schmidt-Nielsen says. When the air gets cold at night, the body temperature of the camels also decreases. According to the research by Schmidt-Nielsen and his team, animals' body temperatures can drop to thirty-four degrees. Thus, it takes more time for the body to warm up during the day.
Professor Knut Schmidt-Nielsen says that a person exposed to severe heat in the desert has a risk of coming face to face with death due to thirst in one day, while the camel can withstand thirst for a week or even more. “A fluid-losing camel drinks a tremendous amount of water to maintain its body's water balance. We observed camels drinking thirty percent of their weight in a few minutes. For example, the weight of a young female was 201.5 kilos when she started drinking water; After ten minutes, he increased his weight by thirty-three percent by drinking 66.5 liters of water. It is not possible for another animal to lift so much water. ”
In the meantime, let's also say that camels' hump, not water, but oil is stored. Professor David Wharton, from the Zoology Department of Otago University in New Zealand, said in his book Life at the Limits: Organisms in Extreme Enviroments, “Oil is an excellent insulator. "If the skin had been evenly distributed under his skin, the camel would not be able to adjust its temperature like this." Also, according to Wharton, the low water loss of camels depends on salt consumption. It is stated that camels take 6 to 8 times more salt than other animals to absorb water and keep it in the body, so one third of their food should be made up of high salt content plants. According to the research published in Nature magazine in November 2012, camels consumed eight times more salt than cattle and sheep, but their blood pressure does not increase.
Thanks to the nostrils that can be completely closed in sandstorms, long lashes protecting the eyes, wide foot soles that do not sink in the sand, the "bottom pad" similar to the column floor that reduces the contact of the warm floor with its body, the camel can survive in the desert environment comfortably. Professor Wharton states that no other mammal can survive thirst for weeks, and that camels are very valuable for people living in arid regions because of these features. Camels can go a long way with heavy loads in the desert, and they can produce plenty of milk with little food. According to the report of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, camel milk is a rich source of vitamin C for people who live in the desert and cannot get vitamin C from fruits and vegetables. Camel milk contains three times the amount of vitamin C in cow's milk.


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