Mastodon ruins change the first settlement date of the USA

Stone tools and fragmented mastodon bones in a river in Florida have shaken the known human history in the region.
The team was removing a bone from the leg of the mastodon from underwater. A: Brendan Fenerty
A four-year study in the region concluded that people lived here, and in particular made mastodon dinner 14,550 years ago.

This is a thousand years earlier than people thought to have settled in the Southeastern US.
The findings reinforce the idea that people have settled in America before the Clovis people arrived about 13,000 years ago. For years, the Clovis people were thought to be the "first Americans."
In fact, the mastodon female, one of the most important Florida findings, consisting of visible cut marks and instruments, was first discovered and dated in the 1980s, but the discovery received little attention.

"This was a history that was impossible for the scientific community to accept at that time because it was clearly accepted that America was colonized by the people of Clovis, who reached the continent over the Bering land bridge 13,500 years ago," writer of the new research, Jessi Halligan. says.

But as evidence gathered that people came here thousands of years ago, perhaps 16,000 years ago, when the last ice age was just getting warmer, this view began to be revisited.
However, this evidence is rarely found on the continent, and new research provides the first comprehensive claim for such a finding in the southeast of the USA.

The researchers reexamined the mastodon tooth in detail and also collected more evidence than the same dark sinkhole 10 meters below the Aucilla river. These additional findings included many examples of tools, animal bones and fertilizers that allow precise and accurate carbon dating.

Before the river and sediments were formed here, this area must have been a water pit where both humans and animals gathered. This mastodon was either hunted or carrioned and smashed using tools like small stone knives called hand axes.
Prof. Co-author of the research. Dr. Michael Waters has been involved in discussions about America's first human settlement for many years. "This is definitely a pre-Clovis area, with undoubted artifacts, clear stratigraphy and extensive dating," Waters said. says.
Remains of stone tools and fauna in the region show that 14,550 years ago people knew how to find materials to make prey, fresh water and tools. These people adapted well to this environment. ”


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