How Does Alcohol Tolerance Change by Gender and Person?

Everyone's reaction to alcohol is not the same. While some get drunk in a glass or two, some may not even process a bottle. Here are the reasons for them.
gender
women tend to get drunk much easier than men. One of the reasons is that they have a smaller size compared to men. therefore, the same amount of alcohol enters a smaller body. even if a woman is the same weight as a man, she drinks the same amount as that man; There is a higher level of alcohol in the blood than men. alcohol is kept in body water, not body fat. women generally have a higher body-to-fat ratio than men. therefore it has less body water than a man. this slows down the absorption of alcohol.
genetic
Most of the alcohol processed in the body is initially metabolized by the enzyme 'alcohol dehydrogenase' into a compound called 'acetaldehyde'. The acetaldehyde compound is metabolised by the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase. some people are deficient in aldehyde dehydrogenase, which causes accumulation of acetaldehyde in the blood. Symptoms of an increased rate of acetaldehyde in the blood are redness of the skin and intoxication. For example, people of Asian origin often get drunk much easier. because mostly genetically, aldehyde dehydrogenase enzymes are low.

drinking rate - metabolic rate
If alcohol is drunk faster than the liver can metabolize, acetaldehyde accumulates in the liver, and intoxication begins to increase. In other words, the effect of 2 beers drinking in 30 minutes and two beers drinking in 10 minutes on drunkenness will differ from each other in terms of drinking rate and metabolic rate.
water content in the body
Another effect on alcohol tolerance is the rate of water in the body. alcohol acts like a diuretic because it absorbs water from the body like a sponge. The metabolism uses the water in the blood while enzymes in the body. this causes urination more frequently and decreases the rate of water in the body, that is, dehydration. because alcohol is dissolved not with oil, but with water. someone who already consumes little water gets drunk easier. This is the reason for the hangover. If the water the alcohol absorbs from the body is not replaced again, it will cause a prolonged intoxication effect and headache.

body size
The effect of alcohol entering the body of a 120-pound person and the same amount of alcohol entering the body of 60-pound person will be different. Since 60 kilos of people have less water in their body, it gets drunk more easily.

frequency of drinking
frequent alcohol consumption has several effects on neurotransmission (nerve conduction carried over neurons) in the brain. According to the frequency of drinking, the brain follows a certain level of stimulation. As this level increases, the alcohol threshold rises and decreases as it decreases.

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