Gas Giant Planets

Gas-gated “Gas Giant” giant planets, consisting of almost all hydrogen and helium, are found in all star systems. We are telling you these gas giants.
99% or more of the content of the nebula that makes up a star consists of Hydrogen and Helium gases only. These are also the most abundant elements in the universe that make up the entire universe. 24% of a typical star formation nebula is Helium and 74% is Hydrogen gas. This rate can play plus minus 1%. The remaining small amount consists of elements such as Silicon, Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen etc. that we know from Earth.

When the amount of Hydrogen and Helium is at such a dominant level, it is inevitable that a large number of gaseous bodies are formed in the nebula. At least one of these objects is a star, as you know. The star formed or the gas remaining from the stars combine to form a gas giant such as Jupiter or Saturn.

Actually, we can say that; There are many condensation regions that come together to become stars in a nebula. However, as some of these condensing zones gain huge mass, they absorb a large part of the gas in the nebula and turn into stars. For this reason, since there is not enough gas to be a star in other condensation regions, the gases that are “lumpy” cannot go beyond being a gas giant planet. So it would not be wrong to call the gas giant planets "star fetus".

The compositions of these planets are almost the same as the stars. They concentrate from outside to inside. This increase in density occurs with the increase in temperature. For example, a gas giant's gas density is only a few thousand km deeper than water, and the temperature is thousands of degrees Celsius. As it gets deeper, the gas becomes much more dense due to the pressure and begins to show a metallic feature. The nucleus of most gas giant planets is a very heavy region where elements such as iron, carbon, and silicon that it collects during its formation accumulate. Here the temperature can be above 20-30 thousand degrees Celsius. Let us say for comparison, the core of the Earth only has a temperature of about 6,000 degrees.

Since the gas giants are made up of hydrogen and helium, which are the highest proportion of substances in their nebula, their masses are also much larger than the terrestrial planets in the system in which they live. For example, Neptune, the smallest gas giant in the Solar System, has more mass (i.e. weight) than Earth, Mars, Mercury, Venus, and the remaining dwarf planets, satellites, asteroids, and comets. So if everything terrestrial in our system comes together, it doesn't even have a Neptune.

As we mentioned above, even though these planets are gaseous, the great pressures resulting from the combination of a large amount of matter change the behavior of the gas. As the gas descends into the depths of the planet, it begins to show liquid and then solid behavior. In other words, when a gas giant does not have a footprint, you will hit a gas barrier when you try to go deeper. Of course, by the way, we assume that you do not evaporate in thousands of degrees of heat.


Popular posts from this blog

How to delete swarm account?

What is Paper Chromatography and Electrophoresis?

3 Beyond the Dimension: Exploring Other Dimensions in a Nano Scale