An understandable and simple explanation of Schrödinger's Cat, which shows how we perceive the world

This experiment, which was put forward by the Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger in 1935, makes a great contribution to our understanding of the universe by combining the world we perceive from the quantum physics.
Formulating the wave function, erwin schrödinger designed an intellectual experiment.
In this experiment, a cat was placed inside a sealed box, and next to it was placed a mechanism that worked depending on the radiation that a radioactive substance such as uranium would make.

According to this mechanism, if the emitted beta particle hits the detector, a poisonous gas cat that will spread will kill the cat, and if the beta particle does not spread, the cat will remain alive. If an outside observer makes a prediction without seeing the inside of the box, he will not be able to tell if the cat is alive or dead (since the probability of beta decay is 50%). According to him, the cat is 50% alive and 50% dead. that is, the cat has the chance to be equally alive and dead.

Oddly enough, as long as the cat is not seen (observed), both possibilities are equally true.
that is, the cat is alive and dead at the same rate! If the observer goes and opens the box, then in this case, the cat will appear "either dead or alive", that the observer's intervention has changed the conditions of the environment and caused "realization" of one of the possibilities.

this is the situation that emerged as a result of observation, and perhaps the basis of our way of perceiving the material world, is known as "collapse of the wave function" (this thought was thought to be very rough, to move a microscopic phenomenon to a macroscopic dimension; in reality it is an experiment cannot be done). For the situation before the box was opened, quantum physicists say that there is a third possibility that the cat is both dead and alive.

such a probability is a feature of the wave function resulting from the binary (both wave and particle) structure observed in electrons, photons, and all other subatomic particles, and constitutes one of the basic laws of the universe. when the observer engages, this imperceptible situation "collapses" into one of the two (or more) perceptible possibilities.

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