An Interesting Inscription, Originating Up to 3200 BC: List of Standard Professions

Details and information to know about the oldest known list of jobs.
We have a document called 'standard occupation list', dated to the late uruk period, around 3200 BC. Although it is a single document, it is actually a 'standard' list that has been copied over and over again for 1500 years. so we have a lot of documents, but the oldest one found in uruk is dated to around 3200 BC. Like every old thing, this text is difficult and requires many assumptions to understand. First of all, it is obvious that the list is hierarchical, the highest, the highest, the most able, the most status (static + status) starts from the profession and goes to the most lousy profession.
The original occupation means something like a king. I say, because that first word is' namşita (more precisely nam2-cheetah2) and it is unclear what nam2-cheetah is. 'old Babylonian' researchers hold nam2-cheetah2 with sarru and means sarru king, so we assume that nam2-chita2 is king. There are 8-9 names beginning with 'nam2' in the text, which suggests that 'nam2' is a kind of prefix. but in what sense it is the subject of a separate discussion.

According to the consensus, 'nam2' means leader; He adds the meaning of "the leader of" to the word that comes after him. but some researchers argue that this 'nam2' is a different spelling of nam1, which adds abstraction to the word in sumerian; in other words, it is a suffix. Well, what's in the pocket, what's a cheetah? Reminding that the cheetah is related to 'worship' in other texts, our brothers advocate that cheetah2 is also related to worship here! hence, nam2-sita2 is considered to be a kind of 'worship', that is, 'the institution of worship', that is, 'those responsible for worship'. The 'cheetah' is also used as a priest, for example: cheetah, cheetah, cheetah (but there is also 'cheetah', in the sense of 'treasurer', what are we going to do?
Of course, this argument has its subtleties, it's not as easy and convincing as I described it, but it is still convincing enough. Consequently, according to this claim, nam2şita2 is not a king or something, it refers to a simple group of clergymen. Our owner of the theory, piotr steinkeller (2017) also argues that the list is not hierarchical. as a matter of fact, there is no such clear hierarchical relationship between professions. our brothers, who are experts in this business, discuss; Personally, if I am asked, the piotr's theory of 'identity' is quite convincing, but not so much that nam2sita2 does not refer to the king. I am not convinced as a layman. because it should not be a coincidence that the profession at the top of the list is 'worshiping'? It necessarily gives an abstract meaning, does this necessarily mean more than one person? I did not know.

The other consensus theory, as I said, is based on the definition of the old Babylonian nam2-cheetah2 = charity and cheetah = charity. but this is not the only point it relies on. It is also based on the definition of nam (caps) = belu (monarch) in middle Babylon, and the place of nam2 in place of en (caps) when typing the name of enlil somewhere. One of the meanings of the cheetah is 'Gurz'. Researchers who believe that the cheetah means guzz here, translates nam2-sita2 like this: 'ruler of gurz'
'Gurz' is interpreted here as a metaphor for the king. however, this consensus theory is also troublesome that our piotr brother rightly made his own interpretation. anyway, there are 129 professions in the text in total; bakers, potters, managers, jewelers, cooks, gardeners, priests, everything is there. this does not mean that professions were limited to this list; For example, we have another word for prostitution (feisty feminists: sex work), beekeeping (for touchy masculist: bee management) but it is not mentioned in such texts. Maybe it is passing, but I have not heard. There are many professions in the text that start with (caps) gals (caps), such as those that start with nam (caps); The (caps) gal (caps) sign is also considered to mean 'big person' here. For example, there is 'spring2gal', 'great potter' means 'chief potter'. there is a king, something like a worker head ...
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