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Why do we still underestimate the Neanderthals in spite of the increasing evidence of the Neanderthals' talents in recent years? It is one of these reasons to glorify our own species.
Professor Clive Finlayson, director of the Gibraltar Museum, explains why some of the old assumptions about Neandertals' intellectual ability today continue. But a growing number of evidence forces us to reconsider these old ideas.

A recent study showed that modern humans came to the southwestern Iberian peninsula about 44,000 years ago.
Why should this be important? It's all about the spread of our ancestors and the extinction of Neanderthals.

It was claimed that the southwestern Iberian peninsula was a place where Neanderthals lived longer than anywhere else in the world, but the evidence is being debated by some researchers.

The latest article, which is not related to the Neanderthals, was taken as evidence that modern man came here much earlier than some of them were previously known.
Neanderthals produced these Mousterian stone tools. C: SPL

As a result, if modern people had arrived so early on the Southwest Iberian peninsula, it would have caused the Neanderthals to be destroyed early. This is an expression of the idea that modern human supremacy is the cause of Neanderthal death. Can these ideas be applied in the light of genetic evidence that our ancestors are intertwined with the Neanderthals?

There were also some news about our Neanderthal heritage and its impact on our head. In particular, one study found that specific DNA sequences are associated with the spherical shape of our skull.
In Neanderthals and some living people, there are genetic sequences associated with reduced yuvarlak sphericity Ne (measure of roundness). Researchers, the effects of carrying the rare Neanderthal pieces are light and when you meet a person can not be determined by the shape of the head said. This was reassuring given the current rise of xenophobia and the bad reputation of the Neanderthals.

Neanderthals are generally considered to be a different type of human (Homo neanderthalensis) living in a region extending from Siberia to the east, to the Iberian peninsula in the west, and from north to England in the south to Iraq. They first appeared about 450,000 years ago and then die as our species settled in Eurasia 60,000 years ago. Not everyone agrees that they are separate species.

Gene-related discoveries in the last decade revealed that the Neanderthals did not disappear completely. Our ancestors (defined as a separate species Homo sapiens) were hybridized to them. Approximately 2% of the genomes of non-African people living today are Neanderthal.

For a long time, we know that the Neanderthals have a larger brain than our brain size, but their skulls are different from us. One key element of this difference was that our skulls were really more global.

The suggestion in this latest article is that the shape of the skull may represent rearrangements that reflect the differences in the brain, such as our thinking and behavior. Time will show whether such differences between us and Neanderthals are in reality. The article in question is just the face of the iceberg in this exciting and fast-growing area.

Of course, what is important is a question of which genetics is unlikely to be solved. In recent years, we have seen how differences in anatomy are not important.

(Neanderthals, Not Long Distance, Speed ​​Runner)

These physical differences can be part of a broader phenotypic diversity within the human population, including the Neanderthals, and simply reflect the contextual differences in ecology. Anatomy may have restricted some behavior. For example, bulky Neanderthals, like our long-distance ancestors, may not be suitable for chasing herds in mammoth steppes.
Genomic information from the Neanderthals gave us a whole new perspective on our evolutionary relatives. C: SPL

Surprise element
On the other hand, they were probably better off hunting large hunting animals in an ambush.

In the Pleistocene world of rapidly changing ecological scenarios, it was influential on everything related to luck, success or failure. Everything was about being in the right place at the right time, natural selection could not respond quickly enough (influencing the templates from the past in the present time).

We confuse survival and extinction by biological superiority or inadequacy. Therefore, we constantly search for differences to explain our observations. We are here and they are not and so we need to seek differences to explain the data.

Of course, part of the problem is that we are participants trying to tell a story that we are an actor and inevitably lead to prejudice in our favor. After giving a name to the Neanderthals, we were immediately conditioned to see them as something else.

They weren't we. They were almost human and we were definitely on top of them. After all, we're here to tell the story. This is one of the biggest distortions in history, perhaps the biggest.

The footnote is that we need to change the paradigm. There is still persistence that our ancestors, including the Neanderthals, have proven to have captured the planet before anyone else here. Instead of everything we passed.

We have maped this substitution, at least in Europe, by using the nonsensical connection between human type and stone tool technology. Stone tools were used as surrogates to expand the human population and reduce those from other people.

These and other similar connections are based on the small data of the remains attributed to human types and stone tools. The evidence in most branches of science can be ignored as unimportant. We know the genes of our ancestors and Neanderthals are involved, but we have no idea how the hybrids look and what kind of instruments they do.

We know of other human lineages (eg Denisovs) from genomes derived from non-diagnostic bones. That means we don't even know what it looks like. And there were only inde ghost in species that we collected from traces left in the genes of their descendants.

Nevertheless, we continue to believe that the quality of stone tools described as qualifications can really determine a complex process that takes 10 times longer than Jesus' birth to the present.

The denial of the Neanderthals became part of the process of exalting ourselves.

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