%100 original translation content

The war between the US administration in Washington and the 11 Southern States that wanted to leave the country between 1861 and 1865 was the cause of the war, the humanitarian dimension of the abolition of slavery for many years.
The American Civil War is an event of great importance because it is the first industrial war of history.
Although it is thought to be made by many for the sake of abolition of slavery, it is entirely based on economic concerns and political influence. Even though the conflict took place between the Norths and the Southerners, the Midwest region, which was described as the Midwest, played an important role in the emergence of the war. we cite this in the following stages.
if we are to go to the end of the American Independence War

the United States held 13 states at that time. New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina were the states where slavery was legally available, while Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Hampshire were banned for slavery. almost half a million slaves were present in all the states, and 35-40% of the southern population was formed by slaves. the large number of states where slavery existed gave them more seats in the House of Representatives, and during this period the southerners were on the dominant side of the balance of power ...
the fact that the southerners were on the dominant side in the balance of power had brought them an advantage in the political sense. the southerners managed to preserve the internal balances in their own states, preventing the federal state from interfering in state affairs. but this was quickly felt by the uneasiness of the United States. an imbalance occurred in the economic sense, and as a result, the constitution of the United States was established in 1787 at the meeting held in Philadelphia. at this point, the numerical superiority of the southerners in the House of Representatives gave them a much more important gain. the southerners prevented introducing anti-slavery laws into the constitution, and conceded the constitution of three-fifths compromise law, which stipulates that a group of 3 to 3 of the slaves should be represented, looking at the number of taxes distributed by the senators named james wilson and roger sherman. In addition, the law was passed on to the constitution that provided slaves to be handed over to their owners.
at the philedelphia meeting, even though the southerners were able to prevent the addition of anti-slavery items to the constitution, the federal government gained power over time. with this power they have obtained new regulations in the slave trade and traffic. although the Southerners were dissatisfied with these simple arrangements, there were still no serious steps taken to abolish slavery ...
When we arrived in 1800, the number of states where slavery was forbidden and the number of states where slavery was legal was equalized.
formerly slavery was banned, new york had banned slavery, and vermont left an independent status and joined the union and banned slavery. In the south, the state of Tennessee was formed by dividing the state of Tennessee by dividing North Carolina. In addition, the north-western part of the virginia was divided into two as the northwest territory and indiana territory. these regions were not slavery ...
at the same time, the government of the United States and the france government negotiated for the purchase of the louisiana region, and negotiations in 1803 yielded results in 1804. the United States bought a $ 15 million deal with the lousiana region. this purchase event aroused unrest among the southerners. Considering the ethnic structure of the region, and the slaves who were to be brought to this region, the slaves who refused to make large-scale slave revolts, wanted to enforce appropriate laws related to slavery. the senate divided lousiana into small administrative units, and all administrative units enacted laws similar to those of slaves in the southern states ...
In 1804, all the states, defined as the mason-dixon line and above the border separating pennsylvania and maryland, had legally declared that slavery was forbidden.
in this case, in the House of Representatives, there was an almost equal number of seats for the Norths and the Southerners. The federal state was further strengthened when the balances were met in parliament and the senate, and the constitution was able to constitution 20 years ago at the 1787 philedelphia meeting, which it was unable to place. As of 1 January 1808, slave trade from Africa was banned. in front of the tension that could be caused by this event in 1812, the British American war (war of 1812) passed, and for a short time, though still lulled ...
At the end of the 1820s, in the area north of the mason-dixon line, ohio, illinois and indiana states were formed, and these states were states where slavery was forbidden.
in the south, states of alabama, mississippi and louisiana were established, and these states established the relevant laws and legalized slavery. There was 11-11 equality in the number of states, which meant the protection of balance in the House of Representatives and the Senate. In 1820, a part of the territory taken from France was created in the west of illinois and north of the state of Missouri. illinois was a state in which slavery was forbidden, arkansas was not yet a state but slavery was free. james tallmadge jr. a congressman named missouri made some suggestions about the abolition of slavery. these proposals were forbidden to remove people from roughly 25 years of slavery status and to bring slaves to missouri. the southerners met with a serious displeasure. the senate commissioned a delegation to prevent a possible crisis and conduct research. the missouri crisis was tried to be solved by the banality of slavery in missouri and the ban of slavery by establishing a state of maine. this was the first sign of a break in the united states, and would form the basis for the event of kansas endi nebraska, a key event in the eruption of war 35 years later ...
The 1820s were not very good for the United States
The settlements in the northern regions were more metropolitan, industrial regions were more intense, and people received more qualified education. quality of life and living standards were higher. especially the population was increasing rapidly with the increase in fertility rate and migrations from the European continent. the south had adopted a more traditional and stable lifestyle. agriculture was the most important source of livelihood, but contrary to popular belief, the southern people were a poor people except for a certain group. Yes, there were rich farmland, but these lands were not evenly distributed. certain land-rich monopoly was rotating and many people in the south were caught in the periphery, away from the points that could sell. and the fact that the landowners bought the land of small landowners, and that these small landowners provided the materials they needed from the monopoly owners (for example, the aforementioned cotton gini) further increased the imbalance. however, despite all these imbalances, people who are able to sell or trade their products can access products from Europe and no customs duties are applied to them ...
Let's talk about the role of the midwest region here. it is possible to examine the united states of that period as northern states, midwest states and southern states. these states naturally traded and traded goods. There is a regular domestic trade, but the northern and midwest states had a more intimate commercial relationship with each other, and had no such ties to the south. it had to effectively sell the agricultural products produced in the south, especially cotton, and meet their needs. however, it was not possible to do so through the provinces in the north. therefore, foreign trade became more attractive in order to be able to trade more effectively and provide the necessary materials for production. European countries' interest in cotton was known, and so the south accelerated to trade with Europe at some point. In other words, the midwest states had favored the north in terms of domestic trade ...
In the meantime, a group headed by Henry Clay created a development plan. This development plan was a plan to accelerate American industrialization, and to enforce certain customs procedures from goods for the use of products created by the American industry. the plan did not pose a problem for the northern states, but the southerners objected to the plan. They argued that the plan was a project that paved the way for the development of the north and increased migration from the south to the north. Because the industrialized, machinery, which is rich in terms of infrastructure source was the north side. the south would benefit very little from this plan. at the same time, the side that was most damaged by the customs measures would be the south side. south of this application can be taken away from the goods to buy their own products and can not trade as efficiently as before. In 1828 and 1832, the American government passed two customs laws. one of the states most affected by the economic hardship was south karolina. With customs practices brought on, this made even more ceilings. thereafter, he made a declaration stating that the implementation of south karolina 1832 was unconstitutional and issued a statement stating that he would not implement this customs while conducting his international trade. this statement, which was mentioned as ordinance of nullification, was described as "treason" by the president of the united states of the time, andrew jackson. arrangements were made for military intervention. the other southern states frightened southern karolina alone. and south karolina was unable to continue this longing and was pacified. even though customs-related new practices were made in the later periods, the southern part of this event has revealed its difference with the north. this crisis was one of the important milestones in the emergence of the war ...
during this period, there were different incidents of slavery and racism within the borders of America. In 1831, a group of slaves from his head nat turner in the state of virginia revolted, and a slave rebellion that resulted in the deaths of more than 50 white men appeared. it was recorded as the greatest slave revolt in the south until that time. The uprising was suppressed, and about 50-60 slaves in connection with the uprising were sentenced to death. the militia, which was created by the right to protect itself, killed more than 100 black people. Amistad event, which most of us know as film, took place on these dates. In the incident that took place in 1841, a riot ship was engaged in illegal slave trade and the Africans, who were taken as slaves, seized the ship. the Spanish government put pressure on the American government to do what is needed, but the judiciary used its right to judiciary ...
In the mid-1840s, the United States declared that the state was a state
With the advent of texas, a conflict with mexico began and the American forces were able to occupy the region up to the Pacific coast. The areas seized by 1848 became a new cause of tension. The state of slavery in the regions to be conquered accelerated the friction between the north and the south. The texas region was a state with many agricultural areas and was suitable for the continuation of slavery laws. however, the regions west of texas were not agricultural land and slavery was banned in these areas. the federal government has included the arable regions of the regions seized in mexico into texas. on the other hand, he declared the region of california a region where slavery was forbidden. In addition, in 1850, the law of the smuggling of the fugitive or guilty slaves to be handed over to their owners was made even harder in order to satisfy the southerners and to prevent further escalation of the tension ...
Presidential election in America was held in 1852
The election of Democratic presidential candidate Franklin Pierce won. the importance of this election in the American political history is great because up until this time the biggest party of the democratic party, the whig party was dismissed and formed two different parties. one of them is the republicans, the republican party and the other is the american party, which was known as the know-nothing ...
In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska event broke out, playing a key role in the emergence of the war.
stephen a. douglas brought back the missouri problem that occurred 35 years ago. douglas, kansas and nebraska regions of the construction of high quality agricultural land and transcontinental railroads made a proposal about the construction. farmland meant an order that was intertwined with slavery. However, the decision to be douglas slavery status should be consulted not with the senate, but with the opinion of the public and suggested that people should be asked in Kansas. at this point, many pro-slavery and abolitionists went to kansas to organize a series of propaganda campaigns. the result was disastrous, in the streets of kansas and in government offices, slavery and anti-slavery people engaged in an armed / unarmed conflict. hundreds of people from both sides died. The president of the democrat president james buchanan, who won the elections in 1856, wanted to declare kansas a state where slavery was free, but the people of kansas opposed it.
By 1860, the presidential election in America was on the agenda, and the rift between the north and the south was at a standstill.
The republican party, which lost its election in 1856, knew that if only two states could gain more control, they would remove their own candidates for the presidency. Republicans nominated abraham lincoln as a candidate. the candidate of the southern democrats is john c. I breckinridge'y. john bell and nebraska. douglas are other presidential candidates. the choice seemed to be definite between lincoln and breckinridge. but the number of states where slavery was banned in the period when elections were held for the first time in the history of the United States, passed the number of states where slavery was legal. When texas and florida were included in the union by 1846, this equilibrium still stood for states where slavery was legal. but when it was proclaimed as a state of Minnesota, Wisconsin and California in 1858, and all these states prohibited slavery, it was disrupted in favor of the states where slavery was forbidden in 17-15 ...
The race of lincoln and breckinridge was never a simple election race. it was an ideological collision of two separate structures, north and south. On the one hand, the industrialized, differentiating, modernized north, on the other side of the country, which provides livelihood with agriculture, is rooted in its roots, with its traditional ...
elections were held in 1860. abraham lincoln was elected to the presidency by receiving 40% of the vote and 19 states' support. john breckinridge stayed at 18% and only managed to get the support of 11 states. the other two candidates split the votes for breckinridge. while the bell took 12% of the vote and the support of the three states, the democrats were able to take the first place out of only a single province, interestingly to the douglas.
The elections of 1860 had been a choice in the United States that had deteriorated political stability for many years. In four out of the six elections since the election, where Andrew Johnson was elected in 1832, the winner won more than 51% of the vote. lincoln's vote was 11-12 points below this value. however, the point where the disintegration emerged was that all of the states where Lincoln first appeared were the states that were north of the famous "mason-dixon" line. that is, lincoln never succeeded in being the first in a southern state. In all the events that prepared the ground for the emergence of the civil war or in the decisions taken or vetoed, the Norths supported the southerners at some points (and vice versa).
lincoln's propaganda and the structure of the northern states were based on the anti-slavery. In the process since 1789, the remaining states in the north showed this in the laws. the north had always been open to development and modernization, its industry was flourishing, the population was growing and it was migrating. for the south, none of these were valid, which we mentioned above. the abolition of slavery meant the stopping of production based on agriculture in the south meant the impoverishment of the southern people. in addition, the laws of the federal state were reducing the efficiency of the southern trade with Europe. The fact that a leader they didn't support like lincoln was in the seat meant that they would continue to increase. this was unacceptable for the south ...
In 1861, the seven-slavery-led state headed by south karolina announced that it was out of unity and established a confederacy called confederate states of america.
Although the confederation called for all the slavery states, this was not initially accepted. the united states called it a revolt, not a separation. On April 12, 1861, the confederation forces attacked fort summer in southern Carolina and started a civil war. president lincoln urged all states to form an army voluntarily. this call resulted in the participation of 4 pro-state states in more confederation ...
if we collect all
What is effective in the beginning of the war is that the abolition of slavery originates from its economic concerns and not from the human dimension. the abolition of slavery would lead to the opening of the difference between the north and the south and the impoverishment of the southern people. the laws and customs requirements imposed by the federal state overturned the trade efficiency of the south. Even after the event, the balance of power went into the hands of the north. The southern and last as the result of defeating the trade and diplomatic as a result of an armed resistance tried to resist ...

No comments:

Post a Comment

Bottom Ad [Post Page]