What is the Impact of GeoEngineering on World Climate?

Injecting aerosols into the stratosphere can help refreshing the planet, but scientists have not yet found exactly how such geological geophysics work.
Increasing evidence suggests that climate is changing and that human activities are the main reason for this situation. The world is warming and we are responsible. Now scientists, globallythey are working on alternative solutions to reduce the extraordinary cost of even the smallest increases. In addition to cutting our global carbon footprint to a great extent, they support the idea that we have to deliberately make major changes on the planet. 


These large-scale changes (changes that chemically capture the carbon in the air, causing the growth of carbon-eating plankton or creating a reflective mist reflecting sunlight in the upper atmosphere) are known as geo-engineering. Tomorrow, even if we stop spreading carbon dioxide, many scientists say it won't be enough. Our oceans are currently absorbing part of the planet's extreme heat and causing a slowdown in the temperature increase. The warm-up we saw today was the result of the decisions made decades ago. Given the importance of the issue, geo-engineering advocates now say that it is important to look at new technologies and develop new solutions. The issue is getting more and more common in different environments. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which has been an increasingly pan-panic climate change since 1990, is unlikely to be below temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius in October 2018. he said he saw that it was close to impossible. He proposed to develop an infrastructure to remove carbon from the atmosphere.
So scientists started to look for different ways to cool the planet. The researchers suggested lighting the clouds, making the sea spray more reflective, or throwing a giant mirror to reflect extra sunlight. The most promising and affordable method is stratospheric aerosol injection which involves spreading small particles into the upper atmosphere. These particles will remove sunlight from the Earth, effectively darken the sun and cool the planet in theory. Several studies using computer models have shown that this method will work in theory. Recent studies of this kind, published in the World Climate Change, have used a sophisticated model that simulates extreme precipitation and hurricanes, and found that reflecting sunlight with aerosols would cool the world equally with minimal additional effect.
Although a stratospheric aerosol injection experiment has not yet been carried out, scientists have observed small particles due to volcanic eruptions.They got an idea of ​​what would happen when they were thrown into the atmosphere. When Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippines occurred in 1991 when roughly 20 million tonnes of sulfur dioxide rose 20 miles, cooling the global temperatures to 0.6 degrees Celsius for 15 months. Beyond the pinatubo explosion, there are several data shocks that reveal how sulfur in the stratosphere will affect the planet. Panatubo data was incredibly valuable for verifying models, but patlama a burst was not the same as a continuous sulfur dioxide emission, it could have had different effects in a different season. He exploded at the same time as El Nino, and some of the effects were hard to break. We don't even know how much material it put on the stratosphere. Corn says Douglas Macmartin, professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Cornell University.
Geo-engineering research can also direct funds from known carbon reduction strategies such as solar and wind energy. You can even give information. According to some claims, cooling the planet with aerosol will eliminate the incarnation of decarnonize. But many engineers agree that we need to reduce carbon in the atmosphere, even if it is something like large-scale stratospheric aerosol injection. If not, we will literally continue to pump more and more aerosols forever. Darkening the sun can help combat climate change. However , it does not alter the other adverse effects of any carbon dioxide, such as ocean acidification, which has killed coral, shellfish and plankton all over the world.
Finally, the experiments in this area will continue to move slowly but inevitably towards a possible development in the next one or two years. Meanwhile, the world continues to warm up.
Source: poxox blogs

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