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Was Nero, notorious for his cruelness, as emperor as the horrible emperor of the Roman historians?
Roman historians accuse Nero of deliberately removing the Great Roman Fire, so that the city can be rebuilt in a more beautiful way. A: Photographer Helmut Wimmer / Copyright Interspot Film GmbH.

Under Nero's (AD 37-68) leadership, Nero (37-68), based on written statements, defined as the poisoning of his young rivals, assassinating his mother, destroying a large part of Rome by fire, executing Christians and even killing his own wife. The power madman is thought to be a despot.
Some of these events probably happened. However, according to the new PBS documentary ’Secrets of the Dead: Nero Files ın about the emperor who is aiming for criticism, a recent historical record review suggests that Nero is innocent in some of these ugly crimes.

Moreover; According to Rebecca Benefiel, a professor and historian from the United States, even though Roman historians write Nero to be largely hated, the archaeological evidence in the city of Pompeii suggests that Nero was unexpectedly popular among the common people. .

Nero was only 17 years old when he became ruler in 54 AD. In all the records held, Benefiel said that Nero was more about art than managing; He says that it was written against the powerful Roman Senate that he did not make him adorable.

Ild Nero did not have military victories like previous leaders. The military ceremonials brought income to the empire, and the success, power and dignity of Rome were celebrated.
A Roman coin depicting Nero dating to 66-64 BC. C: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

Hard to believe stories

Most of what is known about Nero stems from these three ancient historians: Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus and Cassius Dio. But channel representatives say in one of their papers that the writings of these historians may be biased against Nero and that it is possible for them to exaggerate or make up the misdemeanors of the emperor.

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For example; According to Tacitus, young Nero is said to have killed his 13-year-old half-brother Britannicus by adding poison to his drink. But; The reorganization of the documents revealed significant errors in the records Tacitus made about political poisoning.

Tacitus wrote that Nero added a test of odorless and colorless poison to the water; this water was then used to cool the beverage, and the poison was so strong that Britannicus had died within seconds. The experiments, however, showed that the popular plant-based poisons of the day should have a very high concentration of Nero's poison to kill as fast as they supposed.

According to the filmmakers, such a poison had to have a distinctive scent, a color, and easily recognized it before Britannicus took it.

According to PBS, Tacitus is also responsible for the stories that Nero launched the Great Roman Fire in 64 BC, at which time the city was stealing his violin while in flames. The flames continued to ignite for six days and destroyed two-thirds of the city, giving Nero a chance to build a new palace complex over burnt-out places. According to the PBS, many Aristocrat in Rome believe Nero has taken this fire to develop the building plans without the permission of the senate.

Eric Verner, an associate professor of art history at Emory University in Atlanta, says that Nero's project was Eric seen as very unfit N in the eyes of the Roman elite. According to PBS, there is no evidence that Nero had anything to do with the fire, but his discontent with the Nero's project probably made it easier for these rumors to spread.
The archaeologist Johann Csar and Ferdinand Hirschhofer examine pieces belonging to the Roman period papyrus describing the death of Nero's wife Poppaea Sabina. A: Photographer Helmut Wimmer / Copyright Interspot Film GmbH.

People's preference

The Romans, Nero how disdain, the city of Pompeii handwritten according to the handwritten inscription discovered in the city was celebrating it.

Benefiel says that the ancient city was buried in 79 AD as a result of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, and Nero was the ruler 10 years ago. According to Benefiel, when the ashes were covered with Pompeii, the manuscripts in public spaces were preserved, and some of them were Nero's praises.

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Var We have a series of colorful inscriptions that beautifully welcome the Emperor and his wife and applauded him. In one of them, yaş Because of their decisions, long live the Emperor and the Empress! And we are delighted with them, thanks to them. Onlar In other words, the emperor of the general public from the goodness of the moment, we can capture a great image. Yani

Benefiel, historians, especially Suetonius, Nero'nun, he says that they do not see the light of praise. In Suetonius's translation of the University of Chicago, Suetonius in his book ıyla The Life of the Twelve Ceasar in, Suetonius notes that Nero is too busy to sing and once he's invited more than 5,000 young men to applaud him for a performance.

Suetonius said, mas No one was allowed to leave the hall, even for the most immediate reason, when he sang. That is why it is said that some women have a child there, and that the doors are closed, and that most people move into it while clapping and clapping or pretending to be dead and moved out as if they were going to be buried. Bu

For Nero, Seutonius writes things like exploiting boys, seducing married women, seducing virgin nuns, and even having an illegitimate relationship with his mother, writing him into his target. For Nero's leadership, he says that he was an heiress ğı who never paid to die, edi and that his armies had abandoned him because he could not suppress a rebellion in Gaul.

Benefiel says that when Nero committed suicide in 64 BC without leaving any predecessors or heirs, the empire remained in turmoil; ”If Nero was to stay away from politics and he was just into art, maybe everyone would be happier as including Nero.“

Olm If he were to have him, he probably wouldn't have chosen to be emperor. His last words, un How an artist is dying with me ”‘ is a summary of his being an artist rather than a military leader. 

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