The art movement that divides the soul into pieces and produces new meanings from them: Cubism

Although we know the cubism that started in 1907 with Pablo Picasso itself, it is a precious stream that has made its presence in literature and cinema.
How did cubism come about?
In 1908 he saw the picture of a house consisting of cubic forms in the exhibition of paintings by George Braque in Paris. He started with the characterization of this picture as a "Cubist". The concept of the word vauxcelles'in offer. with the name given to such a name (see picasso), (see Cezanne), braque, picabia, gris, such as painters have a relationship with pictures.

Cubism, which was born in response to impressionism in the 1908s and other art concepts until that day, was first seen as a flow of painting and later (in 1913) felt in poetry in close relationship with it. cubism continued its influence until the 1930s.
What is the infrastructure of cubism?
The importance of the cubism movement is that it affects all abstract art movements such as non-figurative, stijl, suprematizm, which will come after them and creates a intellectual infrastructure for them.

therefore, in order to understand abstract art movements, it is necessary to know the intellectual background on which cubism is based. now we will understand this issue without excitement and we will avoid the new (!) comments of cubism.

It was said that the cubism movement emerged as a response to impressionism. in fact, this is a difference from a reaction to nature, from the point of view of objects in nature. The forms of expression seen in the art of painting until the flow of cubism were the products of the repetition of seeing nature. it was based on the interpretation of objects, nature, and the sense of sight and sensations. Cubist artists understand the objects, not nature as they see it, but only by analyzing them with reason, thinking, mathematics by placing them in a geometric order, and trying to reach the essence of the object by breaking the objects.

Girls with Avignon, Pablo Picasso
Why do these artists break the shape? why do they try to reach an object by breaking down an object?

because with scientific developments we begin to perceive objects and time differently. As the knowledge increases, the perspective of the person changes, and the perspective of the artist changes. the resulting works change. So what kind of change has been the artists form, began to break down objects, began to show a form, for example, a chair from all angles on the surface of the painting? because the concept of time has changed. The concept of "concurrency" has come to the forefront instead of the successive time concept. this concept of synchronicity influenced and influenced the structure of all artworks from cubism to postmodern art.
how do we conceive an object, for example, when we simultaneously grasp the time?

time continues to flow as we look to the chair from the right, from the left, from behind, from under, from underneath. we can project these successive images simultaneously onto the surface of the image. the image is not as old as it is fragmented and geometrical structure. So where did the perspective go? There is no single perspective because it can no longer be a single perspective. all perspectives are concurrent. A lot of perspective has come together. the resulting image is abstract, on the other hand it is somes. thus they try to reach the essence of the being, the essence of the being. the philosophical basis of this thought can be found in the concept of ef spontaneously f in the philosophy of kant.

When it comes to the types of cubism flow, there are many different comments. Apart from those who distinguish them as synthetic cubism and analytic cubism, apart from apollinaire, scientific cubism, natural cubism, orphic cubism, and intrinsic cubism can also be distinguished. the common point of all these different cubist interpretations is a piece of nature, an object, a point of departure or a destination. with these attitudes, they differ from other geometric abstract art genres.

For more information, our esteemed teacher Ismail Tunalı's "Modern Picture Book in the Light of Philosophy" is strongly recommended.

(see Kant philosophy) (see spontaneously)
two periods of cubism
Analytic cubism between 1910 and 1912 and a period of time divided into two periods as synthetic cubism after 1912.

a sample table from the period of analytical cubism> girl with a mandolin
a table from the period of synthetic cubism> still life with a charming
The analytic cubism walks through concepts such as "merger, collage, synthesis" to synthetic cubism while walking through concepts such as "breaking, analyzing, form". elements of daily life such as newsprint, cigarette filter, etc. can enter the main medium of synthetic cubism. In analytical cubism, straight lines shaped from the right angle put the shape in a style close to the form of sculpture. it focuses on the limited color transition in order not to distract the viewer from the structure in the table, monochromatic anxiety is essential. The monochromatic stance is an important clue to visualize many different aspects of the theme in the picture. The planes mixed with transparent and opaque cause the surface to increase in depth and increase the surface.

guernica - picasso
guernica, a well-known battle of war, deals with the spanish civil war between 1936-1939. the main issue in the table is that the Nazis bombed the city of guernica and cause the death of more than a thousand people. pablo picasso reflected the different moments of this massacre in different places and reflected them on a single plane. When viewed carefully, the table is combined with both interior and exterior.

In this picture, a woman's views from both the front and the profile are combined in a single plane.

juan gris
This table is also a good example of the whole-to-detail relationship. instrument (violin) is not drawn as a whole, only the viewer is given the details to evoke the whole. When the human brain sees a detail of an object or object that had previously been located in the perception archive, it has the ability to perceive the whole.

georges braque, instead of drawing a whole image of the forest in this picture, tree, soil, rock, geometric shapes, such as the details resembled.

cubism in literature
cubism has also taken place in literature. In the 19th century, cubist poets have included poems that visualize everyday life in their poems.
"pigeons, who flew above an apple tree
hunters rushed, pigeons flew,
thieves are born, no one apples
lonely drunk's hat left
hanging on the lowest branch.
good hats,
illa, that's a drunken hat dealer.
Do you say ditches,
on the meadows are on the trees
Find as many hats as you can.
new ones are always found in kermarec,
kermarec, hat dealer in lannion.
The wind is running for her.
I'm a little tailor,
I'm gonna be a hat dealer,
cider will work for me.
and when I'm as rich as kermarec
I will buy an apple orchard giving apples for cider
and competent pigeons;
i will drink wine in bordeaux
And I'll walk under the sun.

max jacob set out from a hat hanging on the tree and explained how hat sales is actually a profitable business. especially the drunks can not dominate the hats, with the help of the wind often lost them, most of the work of the hat dealers have written in a witty language that provides profit. The aim of the poet is to revive the spaces in which the poets describe. This is one of the outstanding features of cubism.

cubism in cinema
As it is known, historians do not handle any events alone. it tries to perceive and explain all living things as a whole. When it comes to cinema, it is a very exciting sight.

The fiction of cinema in real terms after 1910 d.w. started to be used with griffith. in this period, the purpose was not to provide the continuity of the story by adding film strips together. directors; they aimed to create a different time and space perception by separating them from different angles and then bringing them together. (see parallel setup)

the fact that a whole seen earlier by the audience could be recognized only by its details was also newly discovered.

Cubism, born in the early 1900s and based on the principle of reassembling a single object of the artist with the subjective logic of an object determined from different angles, held the key to the full set of cinematography.
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