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The rhinoceros bones, which have found many stone tools and butchery marks, have attracted people to the 700,000 years ago in the Philippines.
Along with the Homo Sapiens footbath, which was found in Callao Cave in 2007, it was thought that people first lived in the Philippines 67,000 years ago.

But now it is understood that this number should be about 11 times more. Because an international research team showed strong evidence that the first people were in the Philippines at least 709,000 years ago. According to the study published in the journal Nature, 57 stone tools and butchery operations and a skeleton of a rhino separated from the joints were found.
The chief editor of the research, Thomas Ingicco, said, taş There are two questions that need to be answered at the moment: Who were the stone tools and the rhino? Another question is how stone tool makers and rhinos are spreading into this idyllic part of the Philippines. Diğer

New research provides many clues.

First, animals and animals, including deer, giant lizards, freshwater turtles and stegedons (an extinct species similar to elephants and mammoths) were found in the Cayagan Valley, north of the island of Luzon, the Philippines.

. 700,000 years ago, Homo erectus was located all over Asia. Fossils were found in China and Java in Indonesia. Some of them are quite old, but the oldest one dates back to 1.8 million years ago. Bunlar

For this reason, the toolmakers in Kalinga should have been Homo Erectus, and these people must have traveled to the Philippines in four possible ways. The first one is the northern route, from China via Taiwan. The other route is from Sulawesi via the southern road and the islands of Sangihe. The third is via the southwestern road and the Sulu Archipelago from Borneo. The fourth is via the northwest road and Palawan Island from Borneo.

Perhaps these trips were not conscious.
700,000-year-old rhinoceros remains on butchery. C: University of Wollongong
In The colonies established on the islands, for example, could have been caused by natural boats such as mangrove trees that floated off the coast during the typhoon. During these typhoons, animals and hominids (early people) should have come to the islands through a large number of united objects (called floating islands). Such natural rafts were well documented in historical periods, making them likely to be colonized by the hominids during the Middle Pleistocene of Luzon. Bu

These floating islands cannot be archaeologically recorded, but may be a kind of sea vehicle for that period.

Scientists cannot ignore the fact that the builders of Kalinga build their own boats, rafts or other water transport vehicles. The distance was too far for the people to swim, so scientists could at least reject this idea.
 If these hominins were able to build some sort of watercraft, then this would be a truly extraordinary discovery, Ing Ingicco says.

The researchers are also unable to ignore the possibility that the Kalingans are Homo floresiensis, also known as Hobbit People. The name Hobbit was given because they had small bodies, and when the Lord of the Rings published the film. The island of Flores, where the remains of Homo floresiensis, are located just south of the Philippines.

On the contrary, the Kalingali must have finally landed in the islands of Flores, and the Homo Florensiensis must have derived from them.

Ingicco said, olmuş sel Luzon Island, like the Flores island, could have been a rare region of evolutionary dwarfism, Ing says Ingicco.

Er A bunch of Homo erectus struck the shore of the island of Flores and they dwarfed with time, er says Caley Orr of the University of Colorado, who works on homo floresiensis and other early humans. It's like some big animals adapting to small island conditions, and sometimes shrinking, Bu he says.

Soy Homo floresiensis have probably been extinct for at least 13,000 years ago, Or Orr said. This is relatively new in terms of general human history, Bu he says.

Ignicco and his colleagues say that a completely different and yet unknown human species may have made Kalinga tools and may be the first to settle in the Philippines. But stone tools found in this issue does not shed light.

The tools made of pebbles were simple in construction, but chipped on a base.

U In fact, pad technology has been found in many different parts of the world, and has been used in cases where the stone is difficult to chisel. This technology, for example, was used to refine quartz stones in France 1.1 million years ago. Mes

A pebble stone 5 times larger than all the other pebbles found in an area excavated in Kalinga was also found. Researchers think that this stone did not come here by natural means. This stone should have been deliberately introduced by people who use litter technology or leave the butchery traces on the rhinos.

The rhinoceros here (Rhinoceros philippinensis) looks like a feast. The cut marks reveal that the meat was removed from the bone and that the bones were broken down to reach the animal's marrow. Interestingly, 75 percent of the remains of rhino were found during excavation.

Pre-historic immigrants often seemed to depend on a simple rule: to follow meat or fish. Evidence shows that early people watch animal migrations on the land, and this leads them to new regions.

For example, during the settlement of America, a part of the first Americans allegedly colonized the New World by following the coastal strip from the north to the south and the kelp forests rich in seafood. (Kelp hypothesis)

Because there is a big time difference between the findings of Kalinga and the life of Callao Man, the researchers are not sure whether the two are related. The researchers used 3 different methods, including electron spin resonance, used to analyze quartz grains above and below the archaeological layer, and the methods showed that the finds could be older than 709,000 years.

If the population represented by Kalinga toolmakers and Callao Man remained in the Philippines and produced new generations, the people of Philippine origin today may be associated with one or both of these groups. In both cases, new finds contribute significantly to the already rich history of the islands.

As Ignicco said, these exciting researches sparked intense research in the Philippines.

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