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A brief history of slavery and racism, which began in 1619 in America and ended in "official" in 1865, but continued until later.
I would like to point out before the chronological explanation of this black mark in the history of the United States that the concept of slavery, which had begun in 1619, was removed by the constitution in 1865, but the second class human treatment of the blacks continued until the 1960s. besides, as I will explain below, in the United States, the point of view of slavery in northern and southern states has always been different.

1619
slavery began in America, when a Dutch flag ship brought a 20-African slave to a British colony of virginia.

17-18. century
during this period, 6-7 million slaves, who were chosen among healthy and strong Africans and provided a cheaper labor than Europeans, are thought to be brought to America. the majority of the slaves were used in tobacco, cotton fields and indigo tree cultivation, the most important plant of the dye industry at the time.
1770
After the riots in boston, thousands of African slaves fought alongside the Americans in the American war of independence as a result of the murder of the black slave named crispus attucks by British colonists.

1781-1789
After the independence war against the British, the constitution, which was formed by the unification of 13 states, accepted a slave as 3/5, and the slave was defined as "a person who is ready to serve and to do business".

1793
The inventor invented a cotton gin. this machine made it easier to use the collected cotton for industrial purposes. cotton cultivation increased and thus the need for African slaves, which constitute the main labor force of the cotton fields, has increased.

It must be added that slavery in the northern states never became widespread, and slavery in the north between 1774 and 1804 completely rose.

1808
the congress declared the slave trade illegal. however, in the next 50 years, the slave population has tripled.

slaves often lived on farms and were dependent on their masters in every way. reading and writing. women slaves were often raped, sexually assaulted by their lords. they were forbidden to marry. the revolting slaves were heavily punished. in spite of all this, there was an important reason for the black slaves not to rise: the whites did not treat all slaves equally. slaves classified. "django unchained" in the movie samuel l. The servant slaves at home, like jackson, were the highest. craftsmen slaves class 2 and slaves working in the unqualified field 3rd class. this classification prevented the unity of black slaves.
1831
the largest slave uprising in the state of virginia. Under the leadership of nat turner, he killed around 75 slaves and 60 whites.

1852
The book "uncle tom's cabin", published by harriet beecher stowe, was published. In these years, the Norths helped slaves in the south escape through the underground railroad. From 40 to 100 thousand slaves fled to the north where slavery did not exist.
1854
a group of slaves met in wisconsin in may in the new states of the united states, and the republican party was established here.

1860
to abolish slavery, promising the republican candidate abraham lincoln was elected president.

1861-1865
american civil war erupted. 11 southern states rebelled against the Washington administration, the reason for the uprising was the reaction of the south to the abolition of slavery. When the war ended in 1865, the first job was to be abolished by the constitution and the abolition of slavery. Lincoln was soon assassinated.

For centuries, the slavery phenomenon has not disappeared. unfortunately, the second-class human practice continued for a very long time.

1865
the anti-black, racist "ku klux clan" secret terrorist organization was established.

August 28, 1963
martin luther king 250bin american gathered in the show "I have a dream, not according to the color of people one day, according to the character will see a world," he said.

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