Find out more about Norway Operation

The Northern Lights is one of the top countries on the list that comes to mind when we speak of Norway. This kingdom, not only with the northern lights, but also because of the economic abundance that the country is located in this sense of ğu welfare, is a country with a lot of expressions.

Norway is known for not showing too much activity in the military. Right up here. But there is a detail that history tells us that this country, which has a suitable structure for kad humanist ve profiles, played a role in World War II and perhaps changed the fate of the war and hence these days.

Hitler's crazy project; Atom bomb
Most of the time we put the invention of the atom bomb into America. This is also true. However, the United States was not the only one in this field, and Nazi Germany, the most dangerous and aggressive part of the era, was scared of the Allies. Britain and the Americans entered the circuit when the atomic bomb, which is one of Adolf Hitler's wildest projects that invaded Norway, should not be realized at all costs. As predicted, a small coalition led the two countries, who were afraid to take their own hands, into Norway, and it was decided to organize an operation. Because it would not be an exaggeration to imagine what Hitler would do with such a bomb, which would show in the United States in 1945. We all know the address; Let's remember Japan.

With the decision of the operation, the Norwegians are pushed to play a prime role and a military team consisting of Norwegian soldiers takes the sabotage. The development of the outline of this destruction process is enough to show how much the event is taken care of.

Einstein's letter
It is said that the famous physicist Albert Einstein wrote a letter to the United States to be aware of these initiatives, and after this letter, it was said that the counterparties in Germany were concentrated on their intelligence work. William Samuel Stephenson, the intelligence officer on this issue.

Norsk Hydroelectric Power Plant
Norway's invasion of Hitler's atomic bomb was found the most suitable place for the project. Norway, where there are difficult conditions due to its climate, has lost the Norsk Hidrorelectric Power Plant to Nazi soldiers. Hitler's officers and the physicists who served them wanted to end the project here.
The basement of the power plant, which was designated as the laboratory of the project, was a cofact for this work. The Germans had good reason to think that it was impossible to arrange sabotage because it was not easy to enter the plant in the early stages.

Deuterium Oxide; The most important element for the atomic bomb
Deuterium oxide, heavy water. It is known as the main element that can be used to make atomic bombs. After his discovery in 1932, the hydrogen isotope in which the states such as the USA and Germany are based on is a high water.

The Germans felt that they could use heavy water comfortably, so they paid attention to the Norsk Hydroelectric Power Plant.

Freshman Operation
Norwegian four British soldiers will play a key role in this operation. However, one of the two aircraft carrying the teams falls due to bad weather conditions. The other is descended and taken captive by the Germans. After the know; soldiers are questioned first, then shot to death.
The story of the surviving members of the Norwegian team, who survived the shooting but were stuck in the mountains for months, turned into a film called Kampen Om Tungtvanne (The Battle for Heavy Water) in 1948, and some of the soldiers who were the protagonists of the event took part in the film itself.

With this failed operation on October 18, 1942, the Frustrated Allies emphasized the need for a further operation and a new operation decision was taken.

Operation Gunnerside; The first step to success
In the second operation on 16 February 1943, 6 Norwegian troops went to the region. The route is determined to enter the power plant where the transport can be provided from a single steep slope, a single bridge and water; German troops do not take much security measures on the slope, the Norwegian team to enter the road becomes.

Successfully infiltrating the plant, the team passes to heavy water tanks on the lowest floor. The soldiers linking the bombs to the heavy water tanks here, however, are as difficult as they enter the scene. The bomb is detonated and the tanks are destroyed. The operation is successful, but it is understood within 6 months that it is not enough to stop the Germans. Because the Germans repair the facility in 6 months.
The fleet, consisting of 176 aircrafts, bombed the power plant but with only a few buildings damaged, the power plant was still a space for the work of the Germans.

The final step; Operation that changes the course of war
The Germans were nervous about sabotaging the plant and being the hub of operations. After the directive, a suitable strategy was determined by deciding to remove the water tanks and take them to Germany; First, a train to go to the Tinnsjo ​​River and then proceed to the ship.

The Germans think that the Allies cannot attack a ship that has civilians, and they set off with their heavy water tanks.

Thereafter, a decision by the UK to order the sinking of the ship reaches Norway, but the Norwegian side resists this order because of civilians. The British are more insistent, and Norway finally agrees and accepts this order. German soldiers in the ferry named SF Hydro are immersed in Norwegian citizens and heavy water tanks.

In the incident, seven of the German ship crews and 3 passengers die, but Norway, with the success of this operation, changes the course of the Second World War in a sense.

Reflections of the event
It is unthinkable that there is no reflection of such an event on cinema and literature. Films describing the operation of the power plant in Telemark and the destruction of the atomic bomb were filmed and books were written. It has even been the subject of various video games.

One of them was Anthony Mann's 1965 production of The Heroes of Telemark. In the scene where the event took place, in the harsh winter conditions of Norway, Kirk Douglas and Richard Harris are the two popular actors.

Kampen Om Tungtvannet, which was produced in 2015 and directed by Petter S. Rosenlund, is a film inspired by these operations. It is also a series to be directed by The Heavy Water War, directed by Norsk Rikskringkasting.

Atakan Büyükdağ's book called also keeps its place on the shelves as a literary product that examines this issue.
The criticism of the operation has never stopped and it is considered as an event that has been debated even after decades. Because, according to some conspiracy theories, such an operation has never been made, and even this story was a black propaganda produced by the Allies against Nazi Germany. Norway's lead role was a deliberately determined stage for high credibility in the scenario of this story. Because the United States and Britain allegedly used the captured Nazi officers for their own benefit rather than judging them, and they were given an active role in the Manhattan Project.

Norway's agreements with the US after the 1950s can be presented as evidence of these criticisms.
After these successful operations, Hitler's atomic bomb project was on the bottom of the Tinnsjo River by train, but nobody could stop the US Manhattan Project on the opposite side of Germany. Atom bombs created with this project put out thousands of lives in Nagasaki and Hiroshima. One of the most painful experiences in history for Japan, the US war ended with the victorious front, and it has never ceased to be the headman of the neighborhood.

Einstein unlocked the failure to prevent Hitler's crazy project with his letter of knowledge, but in 1945 there was no id Einstein E that could save Japan.
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