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Plants and Animals Using Light Energy

Most people see plants as simpler creatures than animals; however, green plants have a great advantage that animals do not. Using the simple chemicals they take from their environment and sunlight, their ability to make food into their bodies through photosynthesis is excellent. Chloroplasts of plant cells make photosynthesis.
Despite their more advanced structures and functions, the bodies of humans and animals cannot use solar energy (except for reactions to the production of vitamin D in human skin) and cannot produce food. Their cells do not have chloroplasts, so they are dependent on plants to survive directly or indirectly.

Eastern Emerald Elysia

Eastern emerald elysia is a species of sea slug. It is found in shallow water on the east coast of the US and Canada. The slug is about one inch long and is colored green. Her body is usually decorated with small white spots. The eastern emerald elysia has large, wing-like structures called parapodia, which extend from the sides of the body as they swim. Parapodia contains vein-like structures. This view can help to camouflage the animal. Parapodia folds over the body when the animal crawls on a solid surface.

Algae in Eastern Emerald Elysia

The eastern emerald elysia feeds with a green algae called Vaucheria litoria, which lives in the tidal region. When the slug enters a fiber into its mouth, it is pierced with a radula (a band covered with tiny undersized teeth) and absorbs the contents. The chloroplasts of the fiber are not digested and retained due to an incompletely understood process. The process of receiving chloroplasts from algae is known as kleptoplasty.
Chloroplasts are collected in the branches of the digestive system of the slug, absorbing sunlight and making photosynthesis. The branches of the digestive system extend in the animal's body. The expanding için wings yüzey of slugs provide a larger surface area for the chloroplasts to absorb light.
Young slugs that do not collect chloroplasts are brown in color andwith red spots. Chloroplasts are formed by feeding the animal. Finally, they become so numerous that there is no need to eat slugs. Chloroplasts make the glucose absorbed by the bullet's body. Researchers have discovered that slugs can live up to nine months without eating.

Gene Transfer for Photosynthesis

Chloroplasts contain DNA containing genes in turn. Scientists have discovered that a chloroplast does not contain all the genes needed to direct the process of photosynthesis. Other necessary genes are found in the DNA of the nucleus of a plant cell. Scientists have found that at least one of the necessary algae genes is also present in the DNA of eastern emerald elysia cells. At some point in time, the algal gene is incorporated into the slug DNA. It is surprising enough that chloroplast can survive and function in the body of an animal, but even more surprising is the fact that the genome of sea slugs is both its own DNA and its algae DNA.

Mint Sauce Worm

It is made from mint sauce, mint leaves, vinegar and sugar. It is a popular addition to lamb dishes in the UK. The name of the sauce is used to establish a small beach in Europe. A collection of mint sauce worms appear to be mint sauce under certain lighting conditions. Some beaches on the Atlantic coast of Europe can be found in a green wolf. The animal is only a few millimeters long and is generally known as formed mint sauce. Its color comes from photosynthetic algae in its tissues. Adult worms are based on substances produced by photosynthesis to be fully fed. They are found in shallow waters where algae can absorb sunlight. Worms are collected to form a circular group when their populations are dense enough. The circle almost always turns clockwise. Worms at low densities,

Eastern Wasp

Eastern wasps or vespa orientalis is a yellow-marked red-brown insect. There are two wide yellow lines next to the end of the insect's abdomen. The wasp also has a yellow strip near the beginning of the abdomen and a yellow patch on the face. Eastern wasps are found in southern Europe, southwest Asia, northeast Africa and Madagascar. They are also introduced as part of South America. The wasps live in colonies and often build their nests underground. However, the nests are sometimes built in a sheltered area above the ground. As bees, the wasp colony consists of many women, a woman and all women. The queen is the only hornet in the colony. Workers are interested in the nest and colony. Male wasps, queen dies after being fertilized.
The hard outer shell of an insect is called an exoskeleton or cuticle. Scientists have discovered that the eastern hornet's exoskeleton produces electricity from sunlight and acts as a solar cell.

How East Hornet Produces Electricity?

Scientists examined the composition, properties and exoskeleton of the wasps under very high magnification and discovered the following facts.
The brown areas of the outer skeleton contain grooves that divide incoming sunlight into different rays.
The semi-areas are covered with oval protrusions, each of which has a small depression, similar to a pinhole.
It is thought that the amount of sunlight that splashes from the outer skeleton is reduced.
-Laboratory results showed that the surface of the wasps absorbed most of the light that hit it.
The semi-areas contain a pigment called xanthopterin, which can convert the light energy into electrical energy.
-Mig people think that brown fields then light the yellow areas that generate electricity.
In the lab, the glowing light on the eastern hornet's skeleton produces a small voltage that indicates that it can act as a solar cell.

Spotted Samender

Spotted salamander lives in the United States and Canada. Adults are black, dark brown or dark gray and have yellow spots. Researchers have found that embryos of spotted salamander contain chloroplasts. The salamander is the only vertebrate known to include chloroplasts in its body . Spotted salamanders live in deciduous forests. They are rarely seen because they spend most of their time under logs or rocks or in nests. They appear at night to feed under the cover of darkness. The salamanders are carnivores and eat invertebrates such as insects, worms, and slugs.
Spotted salamanders are also born where they are stored for matching. The female usually finds a temporary pool where she will leave her eggs. The advantage of the water pool compared to many ponds is that the pool does not contain fish that eats eggs.
Source: poxox blogs

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