A Bridge Between Greek and Roman Thoughts: the Hellenistic Period

The Hellenistic period, which began with the battles of Alexander the Great and reached the peak of the Greek (Greek) influence in the Ancient World.
It is a bridge between Greek thought and Roman thought. The break from the Greek is the period of connection to Rome.

ancient greek people, was abroad. (non-citizen metoicos, women, barbarians were not considered human) in the helenistic period.

the collapse of the city states began with the change of world borders with the campaigns of Alexander the Great. The hellenistic period is the period between the collapse of the city states and the emergence of the Roman empire.

Since the people of the city are its citizens, what will they code themselves when these units collapse?

the end of the citizen and the birth of a naked man is the helenistik period. naked human: individual. In this period, the individual first appeared.

When we look at the main principles of individualistic society, we see freedom and equality. there is complete equality between the citizens of ancient Greece. In the middle, if there is no equality, freedom has been damaged. The characteristic feature of the helenistic period is the freedom of the individual and the individual.

The main principle of the hellenistic period is "hedonism". There are 4 schools in this period. They do not adopt apolitical and hedonist doctrine. Two of these schools are important.
This period, also known as the Helen Period, is the thales that pioneered in the name of science. The scientific activities, which started at the 3000 BCs, were in the nature of case collection, testing and continued until about 600. then the ancient grek world began to come to the fore.

This period, which represents the phase of the phenomenon from the phenomenon to the cause of the phenomenon, lasted until the 300s, when Alexander the Great became a political power. sovereign culture and philosophy is the culture of Helen in this process. but it was called helenistik because it was blended with the cultures that were captured by the conquests of ─░skender.

As a result, the disciplines such as mathematics, astronomy, physics, biology and geography have been founded independently. The period between 280 BC and 160 BC was culturally and scientifically productive, and as a result of this, great people such as Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonios, Astronamide Aristarkhos in the field of mathematics, and Peoponios in the field of history made great works such as Polybios.

In the field of philosophy, four major trends were influential. these are epicurros, stoa, academia and peripatetic philosophical teachings.

Alexandria, Perge, Assos, Bergama, Efes, Didim, Rodos have been the prominent centers for both art and culture and scientific activities.

Romans as a result of the seizure of corn in this period with all the good memories of the history has been mixed.
The Greek cities hosted many philosophers reflecting on beauty and righteousness. During the war of Alexander the Great with Alexander the Great, the idea of ​​truth and beauty began to take place in the city image of the Greeks and the image of this image was helen. helen cities are sanitary, organized, well organized and aesthetically full cities. I would like to say something about the urban planning and the impact of art on the city.

In the helen cities in the early times of the helen communities in the beginning of the kings, while the acropolis formed the center of the city. the remaining part of the city is clustered around the slopes of the acropolis. but then the city began to come to the forefront of the agora. Agoraya stoa and temples dominate. stoas increased the efficiency of helen cities in order to increase the comfort of helen cities.

helenler large temple and court buildings, not to the hills, usually to the ground level, or near the agora began to establish. Because, in the period of Helen, the size of all the city buildings has grown and two- and three-storey buildings have started to be built. The understanding of being dominant in the whole city has eliminated the necessity of building these structures to the hills with the increase of building heights.

helen urban planning conception creates grid plan. this plan ensures the proper and proper division of the land and fairness. With this planning, regular city squares are formed and the city is divided into neighborhoods with definite lines.
As the aesthetic quality of the city of helen perspective and longitudinal axis, hippodamos plan type has been one of the returns. because it was tried to create a conscious aesthetic among the buildings as well as individual buildings.

In religious cities, both religious life and political life are closely linked to art. the whole city, in fact, belongs to the whole country, the gods, or to a certain god. helen rulers wanted to gain a reputation as the guardians of art and science. therefore they built giant temples and great monuments. The ancient city of bergama is the best example of this.

The princesses were proud of their nakedness, naked, naked, and used urban spaces to show their nudist. the mature man boasted of the perfection of his body. this ideal human understanding has also been influenced by the sculptures of the period. The sculptures in the frieze of the Zeus altar are also indicative of this ideal human body. One of the reasons why the art of architecture and sculpture is so closely related can be explained by the fact that the artist is both an architect and a sculptor.


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