What is Open Heart Surgery? How to do it? What are the risks?

Open heart surgery is a type of operation performed in the chest, heart, heart valve and arteries.

According to the National Institute of Heart and Liver Health Blood; coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common method of cardiac surgery for adults. During this operation, the healthy vessel or artery is connected to the artery that cannot provide operation. As a result of binding, the heart can be given clean blood and this process is called “işleme Bypass Bağ. Open heart surgery is sometimes called traditional heart surgery. Nowadays, many new heart methods can be done without opening large crevices. Therefore, the term v open heart surgery ”may lead to misunderstandings.
Why Open Heart Surgery is Necessary?

Open heart surgery can be performed according to CABG. CABG patients may be required for coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD, narrowing of blood vessels that provide oxygen and blood to the heart and occurs in moments when forced himself. This is called ”Vein Stiffness Bu. Hardening occurs when the oily substances accumulate in the coronary artery walls and form the plates. These plates narrow the arteries and prevent the transport of blood. A heart attack occurs when blood does not go sufficiently to the heart.

Heart Surgery also;
* Repair or replace the heart valves that send blood to the body,
* Repair damaged areas of the heart,
* Medical devices that regulate the rhythm of the heart,
* Replace the damaged heart with the donated heart
done for.

How Is Open Heart Surgery Performed?
According to the National Institutes of Health, the operation lasts from 4 to 6 hours. In general, the following operations are followed:
General anesthesia is applied to the patient. This application will be asleep during the surgery and the patient's chest gelir.cerrah means 8 or 10-inch open incision will suffer. This cut into the chest bone and the heart.
When the heart is seen, the patient is connected to the heart-lung bypass machine. The machine transfers blood to the heart where the surgeon will operate. In some operations this machine is not used. The surgeon uses a vessel or artery to provide a new pathway to a healthy unused artery. The surgeon closes the breastbone with a wire, the wire remains inside the body. The main cut is sewn. (NIH)

What are the risks of open heart surgery?
* Chest wound infection (especially in people with obesity and diabetes and those who have undergone surgery before)
* Heart attack or jams
* Irregular heart rhythm
* Lung or renal failure
* Chest pain and fever
* Dizziness or memory loss
*Blood coagulation
* Blood loss
* Difficulty in breathing
* According to Chicago Medical School, the bypass machine increases the risk of jamming and memory problems.

How to Prepare a Patient for Open Heart Surgery?

The caregiver should be advised that no medication should be given, including vitamins. Two weeks before the operation, the patient should stop smoking completely and not take any blood thinner medications such as aspirin. One day before the operation, the patient should be washed with bactericidal soap. This soap can prevent a possible infection after surgery. No food should be eaten after midnight.

What happens after open heart surgery?

When the patient wakes up after surgery, he will have two or three tubes in his chest. These tubes will help throw out harmful fluids around the heart. At the same time, to observe the heartbeat will be connected to a machine, if the nurse will always be there if the patient's needs.
The patient spends the first night in the intensive care unit. After three or seven days of treatment in the normal room continues.
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