Top 10 Archeology News for this month

10- Neanderthals and Denisovs Live and Coupled in this Cave
The entrance of the Denisova Cave. A: Richard ‘Bert‘ Roberts
The Neanderthals and Denisovs were literally roommates in a distant Siberian cave for thousands of years.

The researchers say that the Neanderthals, the Denisovans, and perhaps even the modern people, may be the only place where they live together throughout history. This cave was so popular that for the last 300,000 years the hominins (a group of people, our ancestors, and a group of close evolutionary cousins, such as chimpanzees) were almost always seen here, both in hot and cold periods.

9- This Man Stabbed His Back in the Middle Ages
A victim who was executed in Sicily in the Middle Ages. C: Emanuele Canzonieri / International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
In Sicily, a medieval man, discovered by a Roman villa, was stabbed at least six times in his back, apparently.

The tomb, dated to the end of the 11th century AD, was first discovered during the excavations of Piazza Armerina in 2013. In the area, no medieval cemetery could be found. So this person was thrown into the ruins of the abandoned Roman city. This unusual burial style immediately attracted the attention of archaeologists, because the man of his thirties, who died in his 30s, was buried in a shallow pit with no burials.

8- Hundreds of Mysterious Stone Buildings Discovered in the Sahara Desert
Here is a kind of stone structure known as taş dolmen Burada. C: Nick Brooks and Joanne Clarke
Hundreds of stone structures dating back thousands of years have been discovered in the west of the Sahara binler Desert, a region that is very researched by archaeologists.

Stone structures are designed in a variety of ways. Some are in the shape of a crescent; some structures are in the form of a pile of rocks. And some structures are a combination of these designs. For example, a structure has a complex of straight lines, stone circles, a platform and rock piles, forming a complex of about 630 meters long.

7- The Origin of Stonehenge and Similar Megaliths Found
The origin of Stonehenge-like megaliths has always remained a mystery. A: Andrew Roland / Alamy
There are thousands of ancient stone structures in Europe like Stonehenge. The long-standing riddle about where this application came from and how it spread was solved.

Over the past century, there were two main views on the origins of stone structures known as megaliths. First, these structures had only one source at first, and then spread along the sea. According to the other view, megalith structures developed independently in different places. As a result of the analyzes, it was determined that the construction of megalite began to be around 4500 BC during the 200-300 years northwest of France. This tradition was later spread across Europe over a period of 2,000 years along the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts. But it was more concentrated in coastal areas.

6- Mythological Narkissos Fresco Found in Pompeii
Narcissus, the legendary hunter, is a newly discovered fresco. C: Parco Archeologico di Pompei
Excavations at a home in a generously decorated house in Pompeii found the mythological hunter Narkissos fresco in love with its reflection.

According to the Greek mythology, Narkissos, the son of the river god Cephissus and the nymphe Liriope, was a handsome man. But after looking at his reflection in a puddle, his name is now the root of the term narcissism, as he is becoming weaker and weaker. Nevertheless, he is often depicted in the paintings in Pompeii, Rome, where the Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD, when he was buried in ashes.

5- Neanderthals was a Speed Runner, Not a Long Distance
Neanderthals were not sprint runners like us, but sprinters. A: Alamy
We may have to rewrite what we know about Neanderthals. Neanderthals, rather than a long-distance runner, was a speed runner and lived in forested areas, not in tundra-like, tree-free areas.

Neanderthals disappeared about 40,000 years ago. Evidence obtained so far suggests that they are adapting to the cold and harsh conditions of the last ice age, and that Neanderthal fossil remains are often associated with mammals such as mammoth, wool rhinoceros, horse and reindeer. But a new analysis suggests a different perspective.

4- Who Was the Richest Man Ever?
The Catalan Atlas, produced in 1375, portrays the 14th century Mali Emperor Mansa Musa, the richest man of his time. C: Bibliothèque nationale de France
Who was the richest person in the world? No, leave that Forbes Magazine. Because the answer is not Jeff Bezos.

The main answer to this question is in the pages of a medieval manuscript, in the Catalan Atlas. In the middle of a page about trade routes, King Mansa Musa of West Africa, perhaps the richest man in the world, was portrayed sitting with a golden coin in his hand. The map was produced in 1375 in Mallorca Island in the Mediterranean and has only one example.

3- The main nutrient source of the Neanderthals
Neanderthal animations. DIAMETER
The new analyzes made a point of great controversy: Neanderthals were largely carnivorous.

How Neanderthals' diets were always a controversial issue: They were traditionally considered carnivores and big mammals, but recently challenged evidence of numerous plant consumption. Using this technique, we discovered that Les Cottés Neandertali has a completely terrestrial carnivore diet: it wasn't a late-cut child or a regular fish-eater, and the locals often seem to be hunting reindeer and horse, arı says Klervia Jaouen.

2- 45,000 Years Ago People Primate the Rainforest
The gray-headed langur was a favorite destination for the first people of Fa Hien Cave in Sri Lanka. C: USO / IStock
The study found evidence of people hunting small mammals at least 45,000 years ago in the forests of Sri Lanka.

The researchers discovered the remains of small mammals, including sophisticated bones and stone tools, as well as primates with cuts and burning traces in the oldest archaeological site inhabited by people in Sri Lanka. The hunting of such animals is an example of unique human adaptation that allows Homo sapiens to rapidly colonize the natural environment that appears to be untouched by hominid relatives.

1- Three Language Inscriptions Discovered Next to the Tomb of the Persian King
In Iran, on the hillside near the tomb of Darius in Rüstem, in Naksh diln, a trilingual antique inscription was found.

Archaeologist Werther Henkelman says the discovery of the inscription hidden under algae and sediment for over 2,000 years is of great importance for the field of ancient Iranian studies and linguistics. The inscription was written in Persian, Elam and Babylon, and is especially important for linguists, since it adds new verbs in three ancient languages.
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