Gender and Role in Social Sense

In our society, everyone has a gender as well as a biological gender. It is the biological sex of the individual that is congenital, which occurs in the mother's womb and determines its reproductive functions and some of its physical attributes. Men and women are born with some biological and physiological differences. The biological sex of the individual expresses with which reproductive organ she / he is born and this structure is related to the reproductive function. However, this physical distinction causes the society to put certain tasks and responsibilities according to the gender in which the individual is born and put it in a certain mold. These characteristics are based on the physiological characteristics and reproductive organs of the individual.
The social role is the role that society expects from society to display from its status in the society in which it lives. The individual hasoccupation, family institution, gender, etc. adopts certain roles, behavior patterns. In the gender context, there are stereotypes of feminine and masculine roles, namely femininity and masculinity. Society expects the individual to behave to them and carry the psycho-social characteristics categorized as feminine and masculine by the society according to their biological sex. Individuals of different genera have these roles in the process of socialization starting from the prenatal period. These social roles arranged in favor of the Patriarchal order and in accordance with heterosexual norms are adopted and internalized by individuals with social learning.
Gender is the socially structured gender of the individual. Although it is not connected with biological sex, it is a social gender approach that is structured by the society by relating to gender of the individual and structuring the issues such as gender roles, behavior patterns that should be exhibited and sexual identity. The gender roles that are shaped according to this configuration are that women and men adopt and exhibit the roles appropriate to the norms of society and culture.
Gender roles reflect inequality and discrimination between men and women in society. However, Classical Sociology and other social theories did not pay much attention to social differences and inequality between women and men. Important persons who are interested in sociology;Marx, Weber and Durkheim; they did not mention much about gender inequality, and even more so than women.
Durkheim argued that as the society modernized and developed, the physical and mental differences between men and women emerged with more sharpening, and argued that the roles of men and women in the privatized women facilitated the distribution of tasks and community life. Weber argued that the man was superior in physical and intellectual terms, and argued that this superior energy of man had decided on the woman's dependent position. These thinkers seem to have different social roles of women and men; have interpreted them as congenital and necessary properties. However, this does not mean that gender inequality is completely ignored, and Marx considered this gender inequality as a problem between women and men.
Gender inequality is the situation where women and men cannot have equal rights and conditions in society, in many areas of social life. Women in the patriarchal order; they do not have equal conditions with men in their professional life, in the family, in the outside and in many other areas. This unfair attitude of the society leads to the exploitation and prevention of women.
There are different views and approaches related to the formation of gender and the roles it brings. For example, one of these Social Learning Theory is based on the impact of the social environment on learning. It has been suggested by Bandura, the founder of the theory, that social learning explains the process of learning and internalizing gender roles by others. According to the theory, gender roles are observed in the form of observing and imitating the people around the individual, especially the parents.

According to the theory, gender roles and responsibilities are determined sharply in collectivist societies; Being a man and woman was put into a certain pattern and a standard model was created for both sexes. This consistency facilitates the transfer of the roles that society has adopted and traditionalized and the responsibilities it imposes on the sexes from generation to generation. Contrary to the collectivist social structure, in individualist societies there are no such sharp limits and defined tasks between gender roles . This indicates that roles in such societies may vary depending on the situation and circumstances. Therefore, there will be little similarity between these two different social structures in terms of gender roles.
Another theory which tries to explain gender roles is similar to Social Role Theory Social Learning Theory. According to this theory, it asserts that the individual is shaped according to the society and the duties and responsibilities of the individual. There are typical male and female roles in society; the man is responsible for the work of the house and the woman is responsible for the housework. The individual is adapted to the social roles imposed on him in his society and internalizes these roles. According to the working life, the suitable male represents the status and power, while the woman who is fit for the home life remains passive.
The fact that the woman takes up more places in the business life will give her status and power, and the housework will be shared by men and women. The roles of men and women who become stereotypes in this way will be lost in time and replaced by more prejudiced and egalitarian societies.
Source: poxox blogs
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