Ancient Villa Discovered in Egypt

In the excavations carried out in Egypt, a villa dated to 1500-1450 BC was discovered in the beginning of the New Kingdom period.
A view of the main columned hall of the villa, built at the beginning of the 18th Dynasty, discovered in Tell Edfu. C: GM - Tell Edfu Project 2018

The finds from the Tell Edfu settlement in southern Egypt also include a large hall with an example of a rare and well-preserved inner temple dedicated to family ancestors.

She has a BA in Egyptian Archeology from the University of Chicago. Dr. Prof. Dr. Nadine Moeller and the Tell Edfu Excavation Project carried out by the Eastern Institute. Dr. Yana More than 80 years have passed since the discovery of such a temple for ancestors in Egypt, and they have rarely been intact, Greg says Gregory Marouard.

The ancient city of Tell Edfu, located in the Nile Valley, 644 km south of Cairo, was a provincial capital that was inhabited for about 3,000 years.
An image of the sandstone column (right) of Amenmose, the upper priest of the Temple of Horus (left) and the colonnaded area at the bottom of the excavation. C: GM and HMD - Tell Edfu Project 2018
The archaeological field studies revealed the remains and monuments of Egypt from the Old Kingdom Period (around 2400 BC) to the Ptolemaic period (332-30 BC). The project is part of a study of the Eastern Institute, which is currently a center for the study of ancient Near Eastern civilizations in 1919.


Moeller and Marouard say that the recent discovery in the Tell Edfu settlement is one of the New Kingdom's ancestral cult examples, and the first archaeological examples such as these were discovered decades ago.

The final excavations completed in December 2018 focused on the construction of a villa of 440 square meters, which was dated to the beginning of Egypt's 18th Anniversary. The building has a room with 6 columns, the largest of which consists of a few rooms with columns and an inner temple dedicated to the cult of the family ancestors of the inhabitants, measured between about 7 meters and 10 meters.
An ancestor's bust was found on the floor of the inner temple. The woman has a three-piece long wig and a necklace called the Wekesh collar. C: GM - Tell Edfu Project 2018
The temple is located in a corner of the main room and follows, indicating that it is surrounded by a wooden structure. Inside, there is a small stove and a presentation table with two small pedestals, a few whole or fragmented stele, a rare bust of a horse, and a statuette of a sitting clerk. The limestone bust depicts a woman in a three-piece long wig with a wide necklace called the ”Wesekh collar Kir. The traces of the paint on it show that this bust of 20 cm was once painted.

The sculpture of the scribble, carved out of a hard black diroite stone, depicts a man dressed in a long skirt and a tight skirt, sitting on a chair, wearing a shoulder-length wig, holding a papyrus roll in front of his chest with his left hand. The inscriptions show that this man is a senior executive named Juf in Edfu.
There is a stele depicting a man and a woman standing next to him in the middle of a high relief, which Moeller describes as a ğin small but important bir limestone stele. The hieroglyphic text surrounding the pair speaks of the common presentation description, and the two include the names and titles of these figures, but traces of deliberate damage to faces and names in the old days are seen, making it difficult to read the names of the couple.

Moeller said, lar Our best knowledge of such a cult facility in a house belongs to the village of Deir El-Medina, famous artists near Luxor, much later than the Ramses period. Our example in Tell Edfu is one of the oldest examples of the New Kingdom. Finding such a series of works in the original archaeological context excites us. These works will help us to answer many questions about the various cult activities carried out at this temple, as well as rebuilding the identities of the old owners who live in this villa. Bu

The researchers found a large sandstone pillar, which used to refer to a high priest of the Horus temple in Edfu, while excavating the settlement levels above this villa.
A woman and a man standing side by side showing limestone stele. There are traces of deliberate damage to their faces and names in ancient times, making it difficult to read their names. C: GM - Tell Edfu Project 2018
Mo The new findings reinforce the existence of a high-ranking elite group in this special section of the ancient city of Edfu during the period of political unification carried out by Ahmose, I. Amenhotep and I. Tutmose, the Arab kings of Upper Egypt during the beginning of the 18th Dynasty, “says Moeller. .

Source: poxox archeology
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