Unrealized 10 Utopia City Inspiring Many Buildings

The Utopians remind me ‘â Our reunions are at their mercy. The utopias that come up as the imagination of the human child in the face of the life, the problems and the chaos of this life always point to a better place. A place but not a place. This word, which was first used by British author Thomas More in 1516, inherited from ancient Greece. The country means gelir ’topos gelir gelir, meaning gelir al, al not’ ır ’’ ’’ layan ır ır meaning gelir ır. Nevertheless, the idea of ​​a utopia for the human cub who cannot live without fantasy will always be. The utopians, who embraced all kinds of pollution from the rotten society, imbued with the natural moment, designed their ideal cities and worlds especially in the 19th and 20th centuries. These utopias that never come to life are presented by Annalee Newitz and Emily Stamm's St Unrealized 10 Utopia City Hay. We are looking at the big utopian cities from the past to the present in the article translated by Özlem Katısöz in Yeşil Gazete.

Vegetarian Utopia Octagonal City


In 1856, the Foundation for Vegetarian Migration founded the Octagon City in Kansas City, USA. Their goal was to establish a settlement that consisted entirely of vegetarians, but things did not go as they hoped. The city's design has been inspired by a son scientific fren idea put forward by the renowned dentologist Orson Squire Fowler; According to Fowler, the octagon is the most practical form for homes, as the largest amount of light enters. Henry Clubb, a vegetarian activist, dreamed of the eight streets of the central octagonal city square when designing the city. As such, the city would consist of four octagonal villages, and the villages consisted of octagonal houses, farms and public buildings. As a result, a total of 6 families from all over the country moved to the Octagonal City, but they found a 16 × 16 windowless cabin. They started to have problems after moving; thirst for the city

2. Machine City Ville Radieuse


The French - Swedish architect Le Corbusier had great plans for the ideal city. At the beginning of the 20th century, he launched the ”Purizm“ movement. The architecture he believed in had to be as effective and simple as the industrial machines of modern times. Inspired by this concept, the machine planned two modern city utopia based on the idea of ​​the city: The Bright City (Ville Radieuse) and the Contemporary City (Ville Contemporaine). Both were huge skyscrapers to accommodate millions of rich and poor people. The parks and green areas, along with the production and leisure areas, would separate these two giant cities. The Bright City, also called the vertical garden town, had a social plan. His buildings, like Fowler's octagons, allowed plenty of natural light and air to come in. At the same time in buildings, both the roof gardens and beaches as well as the dining floor and the professional nursery for the use of each family would also be. In Le Corbusier's dream city, each building would accommodate 2700 people working 5 hours a day and all of them reached their homes by public transport. Both buildings were not built, but the Bright City inspired a structure. Le Corbusier based the machine city principles when designing the Unité d'Habitation in Marseille. The building is still standing, and even some of the residents of the building will visit the unique design space.

3. Green metropolis Garden City


Ki A group of smokeless, shanty cities! Ansız What could be better? In 1902, the social reformer, Ebenezer Howard, published the Garden Cities of To-morrow thesis. He built his thesis on the idea of ​​a planned social city where people live in harmony with nature. A city on a land of 24,200 decares with buildings that will house 32,000 people in 4,000 decares .200 The rest will be parks, farms and green spaces with wide roads. Howard was able to build two gardens in the city: Welwyn Garden City and Letchworth Garden City, both in Hertforshire (England). Howard's ideas also inspired the idea of ​​a low-density satellite city in the Garden City concept, to the garden-city movement that laid the foundation for its idea.

4. Everything in Broadacre City is local


In 1932, Frank Frank Lloyd Wright saw the plans of the Bright City and hated it when he saw it. Then, based on his love for England's vast and open meadows, he embarked on designing his ideal city. This urban dream remained Wright's obsession throughout his life. Wright wanted to completely get rid of industrial cities and create urban spaces where rural and urban uses were combined. In the Broadacre City, each family would be given a land of 4000 square meters (1 acre - British land unit) and the largest 4000 village 'would accommodate up to 10,000 people. Public needs such as water and energy would never belong to the private sector. Their dream, Lost City (later rewritten as Living City), explains in his book:, Imagine a wide, landscaped path! Giant streets, each of which is a great architectural work, passing through the public service stations that will provide all kinds of service and comfort, no longer disrupt the eye of the human eye. Different functions ”farms, factory units, roadside markets, garden schools, living units (individually embroidered and processed areas within each 4000 decares of land), streets that connect and separate the places of fun and entertainment birim – the city was able to find all forms of production, distribution, personal development and enjoyment in any area of ​​150 miles (240 km) around the house of each individual resident of the future. It would be quick and easy to reach by car or plane. This integrated structure would form a huge city that would cover the whole country. Broadacre City of tomorrow. Although Broadacre City,

5. Germanya, the Nazis’ Modernist Dream


Hitler commissioned architect Albert Speer to implement a plan to transform Berlin into the Nazis' futuristic capital. Influenced by Le Corbusier's idea of ​​skyscraper residences, Speer wanted to transform Berlin into the world's capital by building colossal buildings. The plan included a huge stadium of 400,000 people and a chancellery (administrative building) twice as large as the Mirrored Hall of Versailles in France. The buildings would extend along the Görkem Boulevard (Prachtallee). Geology also hampered plans until the war. Berlin was built on a reed / swamp area, so Speer wanted to build a test building and see how far the – Schwerbelastungskörper üzerine was to be buried on the ground. The building in 3 years had sunk 18 cm, which was not an acceptable amount. The building stands today in Berlin, a crumbling pile of chains.

6. The Unfortunate American Transplant, Fordistan


In the 1930s, Henry Ford tried to bring a little American spirit to the forests of Brazil, but things didn't go as he hoped. Fordistan would be made up of a large rubber factory and city in the middle of the Amazon. Ford employed both local workers and American workers. Residential areas were built for the power plant, hospital, library, golf course and workers. He also insisted on the adoption of a arı healthy takım American lifestyle, which included rules about alcohol consumption, pre-marital sexual intercourse. Workers complained about working under the sun in the evening of 9 in the morning, instead they wanted to work early in the morning and work late in the evening. As a result, conditions became so bad that workers' uprisings began. Besides cultural issues, Ford's lack of knowledge about raising rubber trees also sowed salt peppers to problems. Engineers had their own estimates, of course, they planted trees very close to each other. As a result, the terrain was not ortasında suitable eh for the rubber tree, and in the mid-1930s Ford left the city. Then, the ruins of Fordistan were left in the forest. In spite of all this, Americans continue to export their ideas on planning and working hours to the whole world, and often they are as successful as Henry Ford. The ruins of Fordistan were left in the forest. In spite of all this, Americans continue to export their ideas on planning and working hours to the whole world, and often they are as successful as Henry Ford. The ruins of Fordistan were left in the forest. In spite of all this, Americans continue to export their ideas on planning and working hours to the whole world, and often they are as successful as Henry Ford.

7. The Floating City Cloud9


Science and science fiction often influence urban designers. But no one took the futuristic ideas seriously until the 20th century inventor, Buckminster Fuller. Buckminster began to imagine cities floating in the sky after reports of Tokyo's overpopulation. The STARS (Spherical Tensegrity Atmospheric Research Station) would be the giant geodesic spheres. The air was filled with air, and it would be one thousandth of the air in it. Fuller was planning to heat the air in the air with solar energy or energy from human activity and keep the sphere in the air. Floating cities would be anchored in the mountains or drifted around the world in their helmet. They were never built, but what Fuller called the Dymaxion House was a geodesic,

8. Nuclear Proofing National Land Use Plan, Atomurbia


Most of the utopia cities were designed to respond to urban problems such as overcrowding, unhealthy living conditions and the need for expensive imported products. But during the Cold War, the threats were in the minds of the people. In 1947, LIFE Magazine published an article praising a new urban design that would protect Americans from a nuclear attack. Instead of gathering in the city centers, the owners of the idea envisioned an America in which it was distributed all over the country. Accordingly, the population was relocated to planned new settlements such as chessboard. The strip cities they had planned did not have to be located along straight lines, some would follow the landscape. They wanted to build a total of 20 million new homes in total and “recreate America's social and economic fabric Toplam.

9. A city of complete indoor space, Seward's Success


In 1968, oil was found in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. Naturally, the wildly complicated, futuristic city plans began to emerge. Tandy Industry in Tulsa also planned Seward's Success (sewing from Seward's Stupid expression); fully enclosed, climate-controlled first city. The 40,000 inhabitants of Seward's success would be moving on monorails, sky trams and walking pavements in a peaceful 20 degrees in the city. The plans also included offices, shopping areas and sports arenas. With the Trans - Alaska Pipeline being a defendant, the subcontractor was unable to pay the land and the plans for the construction of the city were disrupted. Although the city is not yet built, it is possible to say that most of the city center of Las Vegas meets this condition.

10. Smart City Songdo


Songdo in South Korea was designed by the Korean city planners and the IT firm Cisco as a flawless smart city controlled by computers connected to each other from the climate to the network. The city was also planned to leave a minimum carbon footprint. Songdo took his inspiration from Le Purbusier's purist machinery city and Howard's garden town. As promised by Le Corbusier's skyscrapers, the Songdo Master Plan covers everything from school, shopping and offices to parks, museums and a hospital. But it is possible to remind that the sustainability is possible thanks to the city's high-tech infrastructure. In Songdo, also known as the göre City in the Box “, we can even see the reflection of Fuller's prefabricated city idea. Smart city, Today, a very popular idea and similar projects are being carried out by city planners. Songdo is expected to be completed by 2015, but there are some difficulties in attracting businesses. Fate may be like other utopian cities; a failure in reality, but the beginning of ideas that change the way we think about metropolitan life.

Bonus


In 1952, Mel Johnson presented a group of investors with plans for the perfect city; BoozeTown. Each street would get your name from a drink, even each would be its own currency called Boozebucks. In the city, a local police organization called a Party Police would work, not to throw people in jail, but rather to keep an eye on them, to give aspirin drunk, who can not find their way home to a police organization that will take their homes. Most importantly, no children would be taken into the BoozeTown, and visitors with children would leave their children to the nursery or summer camp outside the city. Once completed, the city would have a full living space with walking pedestrian roads, breweries, distilleries, residential areas and even suburbs. Johnson gives design investors and cocktail handkerchiefs to potential investors; Imagine a settlement built entirely on the drink culture! An alemci haven, established to enhance your drinking and enjoyment! A place where bars, liquor stores, night clubs never close! The police are trying to help them, not to disrupt the drunks ç Even the street names are like a greeting from us: Cin Çıkmazı, Burbob Avenue, Scro Cadde için A game park for adults, unique oş Imagine! Johnson could not find funding for BoozeTown of course and gave up the idea in the 1960s. Nevertheless, it can be said that BoozeTown inspired the world of virtual gaming, such as WoW Gold, even though it is not known, that the only event of all of them is to waste the human being! a place where liquor stores, night clubs never close! The police are trying to help them, not to disrupt the drunks ç Even the street names are like a greeting from us: Cin Çıkmazı, Burbob Avenue, Scro Cadde için A game park for adults, unique oş Imagine! Johnson could not find funding for BoozeTown of course and gave up the idea in the 1960s. Nevertheless, it can be said that BoozeTown inspired the world of virtual gaming, such as WoW Gold, even though it is not known, that the only event of all of them is to waste the human being! a place where liquor stores, night clubs never close! The police are trying to help them, not to disrupt the drunks ç Even the street names are like a greeting from us: Cin Çıkmazı, Burbob Avenue, Scro Cadde için A game park for adults, unique oş Imagine! Johnson could not find funding for BoozeTown of course and gave up the idea in the 1960s. Nevertheless, it can be said that BoozeTown inspired the world of virtual gaming, such as WoW Gold, even though it is not known, that the only event of all of them is to waste the human being! A playground for adults oyun Imagine! Johnson could not find funding for BoozeTown of course and gave up the idea in the 1960s. Nevertheless, it can be said that BoozeTown inspired the world of virtual gaming, such as WoW Gold, even though it is not known, that the only event of all of them is to waste the human being! A playground for adults oyun Imagine! Johnson could not find funding for BoozeTown of course and gave up the idea in the 1960s. Nevertheless, it can be said that BoozeTown inspired the world of virtual gaming, such as WoW Gold, even though it is not known, that the only event of all of them is to waste the human being!

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