Famous Physicians Between the 16th and 19th Centuries

Paré Ambroise Paré is a French barber and surgeon. 1509 He was born in Laval (France), he died in 1590 in Paris. It is called the father of modern surgery. He has written many works on medical discoveries. When Paré was commissioned as a surgeon in the army, he was amazed that the seriously injured had not been treated as soon as possible, but also for the disappearance of the wounded transport problem. Paré decided to save all the wounded. In order to heal the wounds, the physician did not pour boiling olive oil on them and treated them with an appalling substance. Instead of scoring the wounds of the wounded with angry iron, he managed to close the exposed blood vessels and close the wounds. Paré also learned how to treat broken dislocations. This physician, who was accepted as the pioneer of modern surgery, transferred his discoveries to many of his works. These works of the surgeon were translated into various languages. Harvey William Harvey is a British physician. Born in 1583 in Folkestoneda (Great Britain), he died in 1657 in Hempstead (Great Britain). He discovered blood circulation. William Harvey was a student of Professor Fabrice Axuapendenten at the University of Padua and then returned to England after receiving a doctorate. The young Harvey, who settled in London, soon became the king's doctor. Taking advantage of the high patronage of the king, the physician secretly obtained the corpses of the prisoners sentenced to the death, working on the cadavers and conducting research. Because cutting the body of the dead at that time was a disgrace in the public eye. At a conference held at London University on April 17, 1616, Harvey announced his blood circulation. According to him, blood has two types of circulation: small circulation and large circulation. In the small circulation, blood goes to the lungs to be cleaned, and in the large circulation, clean blood spreads from the heart to the whole body.
Malpighi Marcello Malpighi is an Italian physician and anatomy scholar. He was born in Crevalcorede (Italy) in 1628, and died in Rome in 1694. The microscope was used for the first time to examine living tissues and obtained positive results. Many tissues in our bodies bear the name of the Italian physician Malpighin: The lower layer of the upper skin is called the Malpighi network. Malpighi bodies are located along the small veins surrounding our spleen. In our kidneys, there are Malpighi pellets, which infiltrate our blood, and finally the Malpighi pyramids where the urine flows. All this shows how the Italian physician and Pope Innocentius XII's private doctor, Marcello Malpigh, examined the human body with the help of a microscope, a newly invented tool. Malpighi also managed to examine the respiratory organs of insects with that primitive microscope. Today in London, it is possible to see the microscopes used by knowledge. It is a marvelous achievement that Malpighin has performed so much inventions with extremely primitive tools. Jenner Edward Jenner is a British physician. He was born in Berkeley, Great Britain, in 1749. He died in the same place on 1823. He found a vaccine against smallpox. Smallpox, XVIII. It was a disease that broke humanity before the century. King of France XV. Louis died of smallpox. The faces and bodies of people who caught this disease and survived by chance were filled with big and small pits (pockiness) that occurred as a result of the explosion of acne during the illness. Jenner realized that the cows had a disease similar to a flower and that their bodies were covered with pimples but that the animals did not die of this disease. He also drew attention to the fact that farmers who are cow-milking farmers do not get smallpox. So, in 1796, Jenner attempted his first attempt: he took some pus from the pimples on the cows' body and instilled it in a child, then gave the same germ to the same child. But the child did not get this dangerous disease because he had become immune. Laennec René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec, French physician. He was born in Quimperde (France) in 1781, and died in 1826 in Douarnenezde (France). Today's doctor listens to his patient's body, especially his lungs, with a device called a stethoscope. This tool, which is very different from its original form today, was invented by Laennec for the first time. One day, the doctor realized that the other end of the plank was scratched with a pin, while playing with the children with a long throat; And this slight noise seemed to him very clearly and very strong. When he returned to the hospital, he made a notebook roll and squeezed it, making it a cylinder. He held his own ear to one end of the cylinder and rested his other end against the body of one of his patients and listened to his heart and lungs; That's when Laennec realized that the organism could hear the sounds it made. Since 1815, the first wooden stethoscopes were introduced.


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