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If you have runny nose and blockage, or if you sneeze and cough, the first thing you might think of is a cold. However, they are also allergy symptoms. You can apply the right treatment methods quickly by learning the differences between colds and allergy.

What is a common cold?

Many different types of viruses can cause the common cold. The symptoms and severity of the disease may not be the same in everyone.
Some of the main characteristics of the common cold are as follows:
* Colds are spread by virus droplets that spread to the environment by coughing and sneezing.
* Sore throat, runny nose or nasal congestion are other cold symptoms other than coughing and sneezing.
* If the cold is more severe, fever, headache and body pain can be seen.
* Colds usually heal fast. The disease usually persists for 7 to 10 days.
* Symptoms may last longer than one or two weeks if the disease causing virus has caused infections to be taken more seriously, such as pneumonia, bronchitis or sinusitis.
* Allergy sufferers are more susceptible to colds.
* Even if the person has a cold, a person may get cold and sick even in the summer. Research shows that healthy adults can catch up to two or three colds a year on average.
* Young babies and children may experience more frequent colds because their immune systems are not yet fully developed.

What is Allergy?

Allergy is the reaction of the immune system to a specific substance. The factors that trigger allergies are called “allergens Al. As the allergens are encountered, the chemicals called y histamine karşılaşıl are secreted from the immune system. Histamine secretion causes allergic symptoms such as swelling of the mucosa, temperature rise, redness.

Common Symptoms of Cold and Allergies

* Sore throat
* Sneeze
* Cough
* Nasal obstruction
* Nasal discharge
* Eye burns and watering
Allergies cause rash and eye itching, but these symptoms are not seen in the common cold.
Millions of people are exposed to allergies every year. Seasonal allergens are generally trees, flowers and weed pollen. However, other substances in the neck may also cause allergies
Other allergy triggers may be:
* House dust mites
* Cat, dog and similar pets hairs, skin wastes, saliva, urine secretions like
* Mold fungus
* Walnuts, almonds, peanuts, cashew nuts, nuts, such as nuts
, milk, eggs, cheese, bananas, chocolate, some foods
* Drinks like fermented, alcoholic
, mayonnaise, vinegar, yoghurt, buttermilk, kefir
* Some shellfish, such as lobster
* Dried figs, plums, apricots, fruits
* Sausages, sausages, salami some foods

How to Identify Colds from Allergy

Since it has common symptoms, it is difficult to distinguish between a common cold and allergy. The best way to understand which disease the symptoms belong to is to look for non-common symptoms. The common cold is more likely to cause fatigue, pain and pain, sore throat, and fever. Allergies cause more eye scratching, colorless runny nose, wheezing, hives and eczema.

Allergy in Children

The typical allergy symptom in children is an allergic greeting. Allergic children, discharge and itching, the nose (nose end) usually palms up with palms. This is called ir allergic salute ir in medicine.

Allergy and Times of Year

The onset of allergy may give clues about the symptoms. Allergy in spring and summer, and the possibility of colds in autumn and winter, are higher than other times. Allergies may occur in any month, but the most common occurrence of the pollen in the spring months. Grass, weed allergies are the highest in spring and summer. On rainy, humid days, the amount of pollen in the air is less. In the early morning and wind days, the amount of pollen increases. Therefore, those who are allergic are more comfortable in humid weather, and windy and hot days increase in complaints.

Duration of Symptoms

Another way of understanding whether the symptoms relate to allergies or colds is to look at their duration. Common cold usually passes within a week. Allergies do not disappear as long as you do not eliminate the allergen or are not treated. Seasonal allergens may cause symptoms that may persist for 1 to 3 weeks each. Non-seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) may last all year.

Mucus Color May Be Misleading

One way to tell whether the disease is a cold or an allergy is to look at the color of mucus. But the color of the mucus sometimes misleads people. There is a common misconception that green runny nose is an indication of infection. However, there may be allergic currents in different colors.

Cold and Allergy Diagnosis

The symptoms that the patient tells when they go to the doctor or that the doctor sees them are diagnosed. If a bacterial infection is suspected, throat culture is taken or other tests are performed. Allergy sufferers should either contact their primary care physician (family physicians) or the Ear Nose Throat (ENT) department of a hospital or an allergy doctor. Doctors first ask for symptoms. In case of severe reactions, an allergy specialist should be consulted. Allergies are diagnosed by various diagnostic tests (skin tests, intranasal allergen tests). Reasons such as age, health condition may also require blood tests (serological tests).

Cold Treatment

Although the body does not use the drug over time, the virus gets rid of the common cold. Antibiotics only kill bacteria. Therefore, in the case of a virus-induced cold, the doctors do not give antibiotics to the patient. Patients are usually given relief medications that relieve or alleviate cold symptoms.
Cough syrups, decongestant nasal sprays and painkillers may be included in the common cold. Prescription drugs and cough syrups are not recommended for children under 4 years, nasal sprays are not recommended for children under 6 years of age. Those who are using any prescription medication and pregnant; should not take a drug without a prescription; Long-term use of cold medicines is inconvenient. Alternative treatment methods such as drinking plenty of fluids at home, drinking herbal tea, using nasal sprays consisting of salt water, gargling with salt water, adding appropriate preparations into boiling water and misting can be tried.

Allergy Treatment

The most effective way to prevent and treat allergy symptoms is to eliminate the triggers. However, to do this, the diagnosis must be made first or the type of allergen should be known. Drug treatment cannot be avoided from the triggers (allergens) or if the contact cannot be stopped. One of the most commonly used drugs are antihistamines. Allergies may fill the sinuses. The filled sinuses open with decongestants. If a decongestant is given in the form of a nasal spray, it should not be used for more than 3 days in a row. Nasal corticosteroids are one of the other drugs used in the treatment of allergy. These drugs relieve inflammation and nasal swelling, reducing the number of immune cells that are activated due to allergies; used in seasonal and non-allergies. Itching and watering in the eyes are also treated with eye drops. Allergy vaccines should be given to those who need another alternative medication. Vaccines (immunotherapy) are intended to desensitize the body by slowly exposing it to the allergen. Vaccines are effective, but long-term solutions. Untreated allergies can make the disease chronic and turn it into asthma.

Other Allergy Related Treatment Types

Fumes and saline-containing nasal sprays relieve not only the symptoms of colds, but also allergies. Viruses and bacteria in both the common cold and allergy accumulate in the sinuses and can cause serious infections in the respiratory tract. Symptoms persisted for more than 10 days
Source: poxox blogs

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