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The ancient city of Petra, the commercial center of the region, probably benefited from indigenous agriculture to provide food for city dwellers with increasing numbers over time.

The theater is located in Petra, an ancient city of Nebatiler. A: Jennifer Ramsey
An associate professor from the United States says that the population explosion that had taken place during the reign of the Romans, Roman and Byzantium in the region might have been due to factors that included surprisingly agricultural activities.

De At the end of the 1st century BCE, Petra, the capital of the trading empire in the ancient Near East, influenced the natural environment of the region and a significant growth in the population, büyüme says Jennifer Ramsey, an associate professor at New York State University.

Ramsey said, ”Although it may seem like an unfavorable natural environment today, the ancient Greek historian Diodorus Siculus describes Petra as a place with a significant population (about 10,000 people) in the 1st century BC“.

According to Ramsey, a Madhkur settlement in the Arabah Valley has received less than 100 mm of rain per year; Petra was one of the important stops of caravans on the ancient Spice Road linking the Gaza Port to the Mediterranean Sea, and there is evidence of the settlement of the Jews in the region.

Ramsey says, ına The settlements such as Ayla, Aqaba may have been founded in response to the Roman domination of Egypt and the revival of the Red Sea harbor that followed. Rams

Ramsey said, tehdit Probably Nawatts saw this as a direct threat to the lucrative trade of aromatic products in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. Then, in 106 AD, Trajan's kingdom of the Kingdom of Arabia as a province of Arabia, and the construction of the 'Via Triana Nova' road, probably led to an increase in the population. '

Ramsey, similar to this, says that when the Roman troops were sent to Aqaba from Jerusalem at the end of the 3rd century AD, there was an increase in the number of personnel in the military camps in southern Jordan. Of course, the number of civilians increased with the military personnel.

Ramsey said, aya The Roman troops remained in Aqaba as the Roman military base at the south of the Eastern border; at least until the beginning of the 5th century AD boyunca and in other sources, he added that Aqaba remained an active commercial port in Late Antiquity until the arrival of Arabs in AD 630.

Ramsey said, end It is clear that Maasais quickly learned how to collect a small amount of rainfall for their own use. Numerous hydraulic engineering features have been documented as the population of the Muslims grows. N

 “The fact that Masabats grew up here and adapted here; as supported by archaeological evidence found in the walls, farmhouses, threshing sites, dams and valley sets in the area and found by ethnographic research; the herbal remains in the area directly proves that this is the case. al

U In Aqaba, Humayma, Madhkur and Ayn Gharandal settlements, there were also fortresses used for military purposes during the Roman period. The indigenous peoples living in these places needed large amounts of food, which was likely to be an increasing demand for agricultural products. Bur

"It does not mean that they rely solely on local agricultural production, especially on cereals, to meet the needs of communities in the south of Jordan," said Ramsey, who said local agricultural production at every scale is a necessity to support large settled populations in these settlements.

Ramsey, on the other hand, points to at least some local agricultural production of the cited data (such as weeds, haystack and field systems).

”Moreover, the presence of cereal grains and processed crops at different stages of the resettlement process in residential areas supports the existence of a local agricultural economy here.“

Ramsey said, yans In the end, in South Jordan and in the Negev Desert, the natural environment of antiquity is a reflection of the wider communities that need more agricultural products to sustain their existence; bir It would have evolved significantly from a barren desert to a greener, anthropomorphic environment. ç

Source: poxox archaeology

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