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Maite Iris García Collado. C: Nuria González
The research by Maite Iris García-Collado aims to obtain information about the diet of a human population that has inhabited the village of Boadilla, a village in the period of Visigoth (6th - 8th centuries AD) located on the outskirts of the Illescas municipality in Toledo.
The biomolecular analysis does not only provide a rebuilding of the diet of a population group, but also offers a real alternative in describing the history of combining anthropological remains, since only traditional methods are used in investigations.
This research by García-Collado, a researcher from UPV / EHU (Basque University), suggests that biomolecular archeology methods can offer a useful alternative to gaining fresh information about the various social and economic aspects of rural communities in the Iberian Peninsula during the Early Middle Ages, thus also aimed to show that bringing together may increase the historical value.
For this, a traditional anthropological study was initiated to determine the size of the population buried in Boadilla and to extract its demographic profile. As a result of this study, it was revealed that this population is a balanced population with individuals from all age categories. Secondly, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analyzes were performed on a randomly selected group of the population.
García-Collado state, kimyasal This method is based on the premise that the chemical composition of the food we eat is reflected in the chemical composition of our body tissues. Therefore, when we examine the composition of the anthropological remains of an archaeological population, we can learn about their diets. Dolayısıyla
Little is known about the rural habitats in this period, since there is not much mentioned in the written sources and the archaeological remains are not enough and visible. Or In this context, cemeteries covering large areas are frequently encountered; ”In these cemeteries, there are graves that have been opened to form irregular lines in which one or more individuals are successfully buried.
However, the anthropological material taken from these cemeteries, in other words, the bones and teeth of the individuals who inhabited this hamlet, were mostly fragmented and poorly protected. had created an obstacle.
However, García-Collado's research suggests that the implementation of such an analysis not only provides a re-creation of the diet of a population group, but also provides a real alternative to re-expressing the history of bringing together the anthropological remains, since only limited use of conventional methods would lead to the examination. is showing.

Cereal nutrition

The diet of the population buried in Boadilla according to carbon isotopes was based on winter grains, a category of food containing wheat, barley, rye and oats. However, in this period, some other grains, limited by millet and gin, were also an important part of the diet.
García-Collado said, ece This and other previous research is important in terms of demonstrating that the production and consumption of these lesser cereals can be a characteristic feature of peasant groups who have a certain autonomy and control over their production. Millet is a very nutritious and ecologically effective grain, but traditionally not very valuable. D Other than cereal, animal-derived proteins (meat, egg, milk and dairy products) determined by nitrogen isotopes were limited and rarely consumed. No evidence of fish consumption was found.
The next step was to analyze the variability of the diet in the population. García-Collado, Gar We did not detect any difference in grain consumption in various age categories. However, we found the presence of a model of protein-based protein consumption. Ancak
According to the results of nitrogen isotopes, those who consumed the least animal-derived proteins were younger (between the ages of 2 and 8). The consumption of meat, eggs, dairy products and derivatives increased slightly between the ages of 8 and 14, and during adolescence, it reached the same level as adults (older than 14 years). García-Collado said, daki The result shows that access to such products is determined by age and that this access is considerably limited to younger individuals in society. We also learn from here that, after about the age of 14, children are treated as adults. 14
Another study was carried out on the differences between diets of individuals who were buried with tools or personal jewelry in daily life and those who had no such objects in their graves. García-Collado concluded the conclusion of these investigations: ün These objects placed near the dead were often thought to point to the social position of the deceased. However, if the situation was really the case, there would be significant differences between the diets of more or less important individuals. Ancak
It is also possible to verify that there is a similarity in the diets of individuals buried in the same grave. This confirms the hypothesis that the funeral structures in question are used as a monument to large family groups.
Finally, samples from domestic animals were also analyzed. The idea that determining the nutritional patterns of these animals would help in characterizing the animal husbandry activities in the hamlet was the starting point of the analysis. García-Collado j The most interesting result we have achieved is that they have adopted different strategies for each animal species. Cow, sheep and goats probably grazed in areas close to the hamlet, which contributed to fertilizing the agricultural areas. The jumps, on the contrary, were sent to the open pastures away from the settlement. 
Source: poxox.com archaeology

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