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The Serpentine Column was first built in 478 BC in Delfi, on behalf of the god Apollon.
Yılanlı Column is one of the oldest monumental monuments of Istanbul which has reached to the present day from the classical period. The monument, commemorating the victory of the Greek city states in 479 BC against the Persian army, was erected at the Temple of Apollo in Delfi. In 324, he was brought to Istanbul by Emperor Constantine.
They were part of the kaz three-legged boiler a presented to the god Apollon in Delfi, with the spoils of the Greeks on the victory they won in Platea against the Persians. The names of the 31 Greek city-states that participated in the war were written on the three columned snake-shaped columns. The Serpentine Column is thought to have been brought to Istanbul when the capital was established.
Before the column was damaged, it depicted three snakes that were tightly wrapped around each other. The head of these three snakes carried a cauldron from the bottom and made up the steel sheet. Sacayak was then melted by the Phokaians to cover the cost of the war.
In the original form of the column, the names of the Greek city-states participating in the war were engraved on the spiral of the column. But these have been eroded over time and no longer appear. According to the ancient writer Herodotus, this column was made with the spoils of Persian war.
According to the ancient writer Herodotus, this column was made with the spoils of Persian war.
In the 4th century AD, the column was moved to Constantinople (Constantinople) by the Emperor Constantine and was planted in the middle of the Hippodrome where it still stands today. According to a rumor, it was believed to have magical powers to protect the city against insects and reptiles.

Lost Snake Heads

In the 18th century, two of the three snake heads were broken and disappeared. The third was found in Ayasofya excavations in 1848 and is currently on display in Istanbul Archeology Museums.
The Serpent Column appeared in engraving on 1699 of the European traveler A. De la Motraye, with three snake heads. Snake Column, which found its place in Ottoman miniatures, was known by its height of eight meters up to 17th century.
On the 21st of October 1700, the story of the court historian Silahdar Mehmed Ağa, who was a court historian, says that the sound of the night prayer was broken and there were three snake heads in the column which were found to have fallen to the ground, and that no one could be able to break them, and no one was seen in the vicinity.
One of the snake heads of the Snake Column in Sultanahmet Square.
Archaeologist Ord. Professor Dr. Arif Müfid Mansel makes the following assessment:
Ağır According to our opinion, in the upper parts of the column, which are most affected by the air, the most snake necks and at the points where they are joined with the body, deep cracks and holes have been formed after the bronze rust penetrated into the column structure. the large head and thick necks separated from the trunks and once the balance was broken, all of them led to the ground. d (TTK, Belleten, XXXIV / 134, p.189-209, 1970)

Danger of extinction

This work, which is 2,500 years old and has been in Istanbul since the 4th century AD, is now in danger of extinction. Experts in the open air affected by external factors, the work of a closed museum area should be preserved in the works, he says.
The 2500 year old Serpentine Column from the Hippodrome.
Many parts of the original form since the original work, formerly known as the Hippodrome Sultanahmet Square is standing for centuries. But there are some dangers for the Snake Column trying to survive in open-air conditions. Experts in the air change, humidity, natural disaster, such as the negative impact of the work is exhibited in a closed area, he says.
Gülbahar Baran Çelik, who writes his thesis on the subject, tells a letter of Osman Hamdi Bey, who is also the founder of Istanbul Archeology Museums:
Tu In 1895 it was an emotional letter written to the Ministry of Education. Osman Hamdi Bey stated in this letter that our country has very valuable cultural assets and that it is a source of pride for the country. But remembering that we are so responsible and how important this work is and how many publications have been done, because it is highly valued by scientists, but because it is exposed to both rain and sun, he also talks about not being prevented. Therefore, he proposes to move the work to the museum and to make a copy of it. But that proposal is not accepted.
Source: poxox.com archaeology

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