electric safety precautions

Accidents that occur due to electrical and electronic devices that we have to use immediately, almost instantly, in everyday life; it is generally considered that the staff is alone in repair / control, as well as ignorance, carelessness and negligence. Safety precautions should always be taken to ensure that personnel handling electrical equipment are not exposed to injury due to electric shocks or short circuits. When a conductor with electrical voltage or current is in contact, a current flows through the human body. This current through the human body brings a shock or shock to the human body. We call it electric shock. This shake or shock is caused by the electrical current flowing through the human body that affects the nervous system or paralyzes the nervous system. When the current flowing through the human body increases, the shock of this current will increase as the effect on the nervous system increases. Depending on the severity of the electric shock, it can cause burns, scarring, organ loss or even death.

In order to protect ourselves from electric shock, we must prevent the electric current from flowing through our bodies. We must consciously isolate ourselves from the electric current. In other words, the tools we use and the shoes we wear must be isolated and dry. We should not give up, but we should give all our attention to our work while we are working. We have to talk to someone else and listen to him and distract him.

The resistance of the human body to the electric shock is different, and as a result it may kill another one of the same amount of people flowing over the body, while only giving pain.
DILENCY of the human body is not suitable to prevent lethal odors even at 220 Volts and even lower values. Most electrical shocks (about 50%) occur in such circuits. The intensity of the electric shock depends on the current value rather than the voltage. The person affected by the electric current usually burns violently. With the effects of these burns, deaths can easily occur, and people can fall seriously with electrical shock.


In order for electric current to flow through the human body and cause shock (electric shock), the following two conditions must occur;

Some parts of the body or body must be part of a closed cycle.
At any point in the closed circuit, there must be a potential difference between the voltages that will cause current to flow.
If these two conditions are met and the potential difference between touch points is sufficiently high, the body resistance is sufficiently low (more than 220 V) and the circuit is completed to pass human life through its organs, SHOCK MAKES A KILLING EFFECT. At the same time, there may be other effects of electric shock; For example, a small shock shock can cause high to drop. For such reasons, the human body should not allow it to become a closed circuit element through which current can pass.

Safety Precautions to be Taken When Working Without Energized Electrical Circuits:

Caution: No conductors should be touched without being checked and ensuring that the energy is cut off.

When the power to be operated is cut off, the warning sign should be printed on the switch indicating "Do not press the power on, please work carefully".
The work to be carried out must be taken out of the insurance area and taken out of the bag.
A second safety must be achieved by knotting the circuit or the incoming ends to each other.
A safety watch must be fitted with a fuse panel or switch panel.
The place to work should be illuminated at a sufficient level.
Personnel working on electrical devices or circuits should not use rings, wrist watches, cords or similar metal objects while operating.
It must work with suitable insulated hand tools.
Rubber gloves should be worn during operation.
Before the rubber gloves are worn, holes, tears and wear must be checked. Air should be blown into the gloves to check for leaks from the palms and fingers. Gloves with leak detection should not be used.
Work gloves should be worn over time when the work can damage the rubber gloves.
Rubber gloves should never be reversed and worn.
Unprotected protective clothing should not be worn / used.
Worn cable or broken / damaged various portable equipment should not be used.
The insulating material used must be kept clean of oil, grease, and carbon dust, as these materials cause insulation to be damaged or damaged.
Eyeshield mask / glasses should be worn when exposed in places where metal particles may spatter.
Ensure that the floor to be worked is dry.
The right hand should be used when working. When working on contractors, you should not touch any other elements other than the repaired members.
It should not work on wet appliances or on wet electrical appliances.
Personnel should not wear clothes / overalls that do not fit the body.
Absolutely, there should be a person who will be watching over the working staff and knowledgeable about first aid.
Safety Measures to be Taken in Energy Electric Circuits:

Observe all warning signs on electrical appliances; it must be ensured that the device warning codes are read before use.
Electrical equipment and systems should not be operated without the consent of responsible personnel.
Before plugging / unplugging the power plugs, the ON-OFF switch of the device must be set to OFF state.
The mobile cables should be laid out so that there is no danger of tripping / tripping.
If electrical cables must be passed through the doors, precautions must be taken to protect the cable against accidental closing of the door.
Portable electrical appliances must never be removed from the cabin.
Moving cables, plugs, plugs, which have damaged insulation and damaged conductors, should be used.
Only TSE approved equipment should be used in the repair of electrical equipment.
All fuse / thermal boards, connection boxes, controllers, covers must be closed.
High value fuse must be used in the fuse panel in which the fuse must be used. Never insulated wires should be connected.
All fuse / thermal panels, junction boxes, controllers, and electrically operated devices must have rubber floors in front of them.
Aluminum or metal traveling carriages should be used when working with electrical appliances.
Goggles and eye protection products should be used when working with the Aküler.
The maintenance, settings and settings of high voltage equipment should only be carried out in the event of an emergency by the top person.
Voltmeters, gauges or control pads should be used to test whether the devices or circuits are energized.
Three-phase circuits must be ensured that each phase is correctly fused.
Safety precautions to be taken when working in high places
Work should not be started in high places without permission from the guard delegation.
In addition to the personnel who will be working in high places, there must be a person who will supervise, help and know first aid.
Personnel to work in high places should wear belly seatbelt and should be tied tightly and not slip on the hook of the seatbelt when reaching work area.
The staff who work in high places should not take any team with their climbing staff. Prudent material must be carried in the team bag that can be worn on the belt.
In the absence of a suitcase that can be fastened to the belt, the material should be pulled up with a rope to hang.
When working in high places; hand tools should be tied to the safety belt with rope for not falling.
It should not be operated in open areas and high places in lightning (rain and thunder) weather.
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