world's deepest point: mariana

The Mariana dip is located in the middle of Japan and Indonesia, south west of the Guam island, known as the southernmost island of the Mariana Islands, west of the Great Ocean. It is the deepest point on earth. As a result of researches carried out by scientists, it has been determined that the deepest point is 10,994 meters and the length is 2542 kilometers. The width of the pit is 69 kilometers.

To explain how the Mariana Thrower is formed; Sometimes, some of the plaques forming the earth's crust approach each other and collide. As a result of this collision, one of the plaques enters under another, resulting in a situation called "plunge".

The plunge state means that the plate which is superior in density slides under the less dense plate. As a result, there may be severe earthquakes in these regions and the depths of the earthquakes may amount to 700 km according to the size of the plates. Here is a pit formed in Mariana Çukuru where the Pacific plate and the Mariana Plate hit each other.


This naturally occurring enormous depth was first brought down by American soldier Lieutenant Donald Walsh and Swiss scientist Jacques Pichard. In order to perform the dive, they used a vehicle called Batiskaf (a steel ball-shaped rigid material capable of withstanding very high pressures, a vehicle that drained gas for diving and took sea water instead of iron for its diving). The dive lasted for exactly 5 hours and descended to a depth of 10916 meters. On March 25, 2012, James Cameron, who directed and produced the famous films such as Titanic, Terminator, Aliens and Avatar at the same time, succeeded in reaching the base in 156 minutes with his own private submarine. completed.

Although these journeys to the depths of Mariana Thrower have been overtaken without accidents and unblemished, the threats that are chest stretched and ignored are quite large because the pressure at the bottom point is 1000 times that of the earth's pressure. James Cameron's diving submarine was built to withstand a pressure that could have been more than 7250 per square meter. Ocean pressure increases every kilometer in every 10 meters per square centimeter. When this example is given, it can be clearly understood that no man can land in such depth without equipments and without help and improved tool.
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