who is fyodor dostoyevski?

We will tell about the lives and works of Dostoyevsky, the inspiration of 20th century thinkers, about which Freud even wrote articles and tried to solve his mood.

A writer like Tolstoy, a writer of intellectual and timeless works, Dostoyevsky compared Dostoyevsky with Puccin, the pseudonym, the writer of the cult novels of Russian literature and the most respected literary of his time, and kept Dostoevsky superior to Pushkin, It has been a source of pride. Hayata did not come as a settlement like Tolstoy, or could never have been as rich as Turgenyev; He was as lucky as Pushkin and did not succeed in magazine. Dostoevsky is, literally, living in this world of hell. In this respect, their work is like hell. The life story of Dostoyevski, who achieved a year's worth of respect and respectful death, is so uplifting that it is only a matter of the volumes of the novel from this life. So let's start by telling Dostoyevsky, more precisely, to try to do this without making any more sense.

The Life of Fyodor Dostoyevski Dostoyevski
In full, Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky came to the world in the period of Tsarist Russia on November 11, 1821, and on the 9th of February 1881, a few weeks after his death, he was blinded by the bombed attack of the Tsar. It's been 60 years running, crying, laughing, breathing in this world.

Dostoyevsky's father is a noble military doctor. After being a surgeon and retired from his post, he starts working voluntarily at Mariinskiy hospital in Dostoevsky's birthplace, Moscow. Mikhail Dostoyevsky was not a very rich man, but he was never a poor man. There was a village where a thousand peasants mastered it, but he chose to live in Moscow. He was father of five children, and especially Dostoyevsky, he was a nervous, overly disciplined, drunk and loveless man. In my opinion, a man who treats the poor for free in a hospital can be a child with a discipline and lack of love in his own home, with a frustration that his father is not as someone imagined to be. There are many cases that prove otherwise; there are many situations that prove this. For example, Mikhail Dostoyevski is a father who is very sensitive to the education of his children, he teaches every child a poem or a piece of script before dinner, teaches his children Latin lessons, and holds a very good teacher for learning French. The problem is, Dostoyevski's father has to force them to do all this.



Dostoyevski's mother, Mariya, is referred to as a merchant daughter in most of the resources outlined below, but at the same time Dostoyevski's father also buys her mother for a fee. The fact that Dostoyevski's mother is passive at home, with everything underneath is a structure that is constantly sick and seriously unhappy enough to make her children happy. After all, Dostoyevsky was not a lucky minority in terms of parents. In this situation, he took his pains and his brother Michael, the greatest support from his family. We can understand from the five brothers that the bond of Mikhail and Dostoevsky is very different, that Dostoevsky goes with his brother in Europe, always dreaming, and he always speaks with love.

We know that Dostoyevski's father voluntarily went to the hospital to go to the hospital and treat them with the patients there. He already spent his first education in Moscow. I thought it was Dostoyevsky's first curse to listen to the lives of people, especially sick and poor people.

When she entered the university she learned that her mother died of tuberculosis. His wife settled down to death as his father, who gave himself more alcohol, became his master. Dostoyevski was sent to the school, which is called the St. Petersburg Engineering School, but has a very strict management. Dostoevsky learned the news of his father's death while he was in school, in a letter to his brother Mikhail. His father, according to some sources, was such a cruel man that he was murdered by the slaves and peasants in his death, and who had a heart attack according to sources. In any case, in 1839, Dostoevsky had the first serious epileptic seizure of his father's death, when he was only 18 years old. He also held him blamelessly for his father's death; he believed that he died because he thought he was dead, and meeting with depression was also with this unconscious thought. At the age of 18, in an overdisciplinary engineering school, he lost his father and mother, growing up to be no engineer; I also met with epilepsy and depression.

Dostoevsky could only last one year in this profession, which he did not want as a lieutenant to do his job after finishing school. Because he hates both military service and being an engineer at all but does not want .. Just like Oğuz Atay ..

Dostoevsky wanted to be a writer, not a soldier or an engineer. In this respect, the next life after the decision to become a writer would be intertwined with the literary world; we will start to do two things in this case.

Dostoyevsky's Meeting with Literature
When Dostoevsky, age 25, calendars showed the year 1846, he wrote his first fictional novel: Humans. He did not want to publish this work when he wrote it. In this respect, there is a breathtaking story of the story of this publication in the literary circles: The poetry of humans, Nekrasov, a Russian poet of the time, was again given by Dostoevsky. The same night Nekrasov brings the nightmares of the Insanities, given in the evening, to the house of Dostoevsky with the skulls of his nose. It tells her that this work is wonderful, and that this piece must be seen by Belinski as well. Before the present silly book market, those who want to be writers or writers / poets, a strict critic went through the supervision. A poet and poet who did not want to be a critic, a good or a literary world, and his poetry and his work took so much that the poet or author could not even write a single word again. A work must have been liked by both the publishing house owner and the critics. In any case, the publishing houses did not print novels, poems or stories that the critics did not like or did not care about. Not everyone who scribbles two lines as it is now. Here Belinski is Russia's most important critic. His liking means everyone likes it. In the morning, daylight Nekrasov and Dostoyevski; She plays Belinski's door and says "Nekrasov" is a "New Gogol" when she wears the work of Humans. Gogol is the most important and greatest writer ever. Belinski, who is so angry, tells him that if you stay with you, the Gogols will end up like mushrooms.

Dostoyevski promised the future. The orphan girl who works in the novels of humans - the old man is the love and love between the poor and the oppressed people who turn around; it was very popular by the people. He writes a novel every year and publishes the following: The Other (1846), the Household (1847), the White Night (1848).

In his novel "The Other", a double officer was asked to get rid of his other personalities except himself; In the long story of the homeowner Gogolian style, the character Ordinov describes the love exploration in the distant and unintentional life of man. The romance on White Night is a four-day love of an over-dreaming man. These three novels have never seen anything interesting about the novel of the Humans. Even Belinski, who can not finish the novel of the Insults, has been very badly grasped with these three novels, humiliated and humiliated. Dostoevsky, who already has a fragile and sensitive spirituality, has not abandoned this criticism and has entered into a long depression. In fact, he was sick, but he still wrote his greatest passion and never let go.

In 1848, a long story called Yufka Yürek came right after his novel White Geceler. This emulation is also about the idea that a worker and a boss overbearing a worker and his boss are neglected after being engaged. Collecting his reputation with this story, Dostoevsky, however, did not catch the first success he had with Humanoids. He intended to quit literature, he saw politics as a way out.

Dostoevsky and Politics
The histories were the period of I. Nikola. In 1849 Dostoevsky was in a group of Tetrashevski, or Liberal youth, who opposed the Tsarist rule.

Dostoyevsky, who is interested in politics, starts to get political poetry. Dostoevsky is a strict Russian nationalist and the Prophet. It was so difficult to think that Jesus was even Russian. Dostoyevsky, who is a man who lives in the extreme of everything as a personality, could not have expected a logical and moderate way of thinking in such a situation.

All the letters of Dostoyevsky, who was stolen by the gate at the gate of the same year on April 23rd, are gathered together and he is thrown into a random cell. For exactly four months no one will tell her why she's in this cell. Dostoyevsky, a man with a sick and compassionate man, has already been ruined for four months.

Just four months later, the soldiers tell him why he is in a cell. I received a poem entitled to the 1st Tsar. The offense is fixed and the punishment is executed! Dostoevsky would have killed him because of this poem he wrote, and he was also lined up in the lead. he had 8 friends with his very loved brother.

Dostoevsky, who is brought in front of the execution mandate in groups of three or three, is not executed by the czar's modest (!) Modesty and great forgiveness (!). The tsar sent a notice when the full execution mandate was aimed, and he turned the penalties of these revolutionaries from execution to shovel penalty. Dostoevsky was forgiven for being executed because of this poem he wrote, but he was punished with a penalty of 4 years for rowing, 6 years for compulsory military service and one more. Peterburg and Moscow are penalized for not being able to enter.

Dostoyevsky's Years of Exile in Siberia
To be convicted of rowing means to shovel snow, marble in Siberia, which is one of the coolest places in the world, at -40 degrees. Moreover, their feet are chained. Dostoevsky's hair is shaved, iron chains on his feet are struck and he continues his life by breaking marble until 1859. The only book allowed to read all this time was the Bible. In the second part of the sentence, the mandatory service period begins and the military service is held in the city of Semipalatinsk. This punishment began in 1854, and after three years it rises to the rank of officer and is pleased with an unhappy marriage that will regret it throughout life. He marries his first wife Mariya. Mariya is a sickly fellow, married to Dostoyevsky after the death of her military partner. Dostoevsky says that she married Mariya for her pain; When Mariya first sees Dostoyevsky, she says she looks like "poor and confused, anxious, lonely, helpless, nervous and almost sick".

After exile and punishment, Dostoevsky is close to Moscow but starts to stay in a small place. The dates show the year 1859. Dostoyevsky, apologizing with his brother, decides to continue with the journal with the journal. He was 38 years old, had returned from death, had been forced to row in Siberia, had to do his military service he hated, had never read a book, and married a woman who described himself as sick because of pain. Moreover, there were two prohibitions for him to enter the city, which he should have done. He would also spend his days of exile in his novel The Ants from Death's House.

Dostoyevski's Journalism Life
Dostoyevsky, who died in exile, was born in 1859 by his brother and his associates N.N. Together with Strahvoov he started to publish magazines called TIME and PERIOD. These journals are not as dissenting as the first period writings; on the contrary, it was the magazines supporting Slavic thought. Thanks to the magazines, the financial situation has improved. The writings that continuously praised the Tsar were receiving remuneration.

In this period, he writes a novel entitled "Anonymous from the Dead" which is the subject of slavery and the novel "The Deserted." The oppressed are considered to be one of Dostoyevski's most successful novels. The Roman hero Vanya is a young man who aims to be poor but successful; The personality of Vanya and Dostoevsky is very similar. The novel describes Vanya's intricate love relationship with Natasha; betrayal in this love affair, disappointment. Dostoevsky, the oppressed are coming back as a writer with a novel.

Meanwhile, epileptic seizures continue to increase; In this case, the doctors recommend him to make a short trip. In 1863, Dostoevsky comes out with his brother Mihail to European travel, which will last for a year and always dream of, covering France - England - Italy. Although Dostoyevsky is a famous writer in Russia, he is not recognized in Europe as Tolstoy. As an ordinary person, the jackpot stays on the road and gambling debts go back to his country. In the meantime, they are waiting for it in Russia due to gambling debt. At this stage Dostoyevsky's financial situation deteriorates; In 1864 his wife and brother had recently been lost. On the one hand, debts, on the other hand, the loss of a loving brother brings him into a deep depression and a terrible helplessness.

When he wrote his most important works Dostoyevski ..

Dostoevsky lives with the advances given by publishing houses for a long time, but until recently there are no novels. His publishing houses are so squeezing him that he gets his work called Kumarbaz in 29 days. The dates show the year 1867. A year ago he received the famous novel Crime and Punishment. Then he comes back to the novels that will make him a legend in the world of literature: Buddha (1868), Jinler (1872) and Young Man (1875). Meanwhile, Anna Grigoriyevna, a 20-year-old secretary, recruits Snitkina to do her job better and write much faster. Dostoyevski, 45, then marries Anna. They have a daughter from their marriage, but die a few months after the daughters are born; this is a traumatic situation for Dostoyevsky and a long period of depression is waiting for him.

He wrote his novel Karamazov Brothers, which will be shown as a masterpiece among his writings until his death for three months. It was not this novel that ended in 3 years, in fact it is the name that gives it its name. One year before his death, he laid a very impressive speech in front of a crowd of writer Turgenyev and masterful writer Tolstoy, who constantly borrowed money among the guests at the opening of the Pushkin statue, even Turgenyev, who did not respond to any letter during his lifetime, The people see him as a kind of prophet. One year, he catches the desire he desires, writes Karamazov Brothers, masterpiece, and after three months of finishing this novel, February 9, 1881, 60 years old eyes are closed.

Dostoyevski's Literary Personality
Dostoevsky, 60 years of life and thirty years of fiction, received 12 novels, 20 short stories and 2 literary essays throughout his life and directed two journals.

All works of the author were not met with the same appreciation; he did not always write novels of the same quality. Dostoyevski is well known and praised by: Dostoyevsky's works and praise areas: Humans, Describes of the Dead Home, Crime and Punishment, Gamblers, Fools, Encinlers, Young Man and Karamazov.

In these works Dostoyevsky is still the most inspired. The gambler is a gambler in his novel, the reason why he expresses gambling with great passion. The father figure in Karamazov Brothers novel is nothing but his own father. The most important reason for Raskolnikov's narration of the epileptic seizures in his crime and punishment novel is that he has a very severe epileptic seizure. The most important reason why poor women portray women so beaten or oppressed from men is that their mother is such a woman. In short, Dostoevsky can be a great narrator from birth; he may be able to write, but the most important detail about him is that he is a man who has lived most of his writing. The most important reason for the realistic depictions of his novels is that he lived them.

From a thematic point of view, we have to ask Dostoyevski what to bring to literature. Dostoyevsky does not give much importance to any hero in his novels; every hero is equally important. Yes there is a main hero but there are other heroes who are as strong as the main hero. In addition, every novel has a question of life. Life does not look only as pain or sorrow; it does not look like that to any hero. On the contrary, the feeling makes the festival live. Some writers call it a very voice novel; if there is such a naming, Dostoyevski gave the best examples of it.

There are love, betrayal, madness, gambling, slavery, family ties in Dostoyevsky's themes. The themes he works with, combined with his realistic expression, create a great novel pleasure. A hell of a literary writer like hell is dragging into a reader-controlled chaos. Although Tolstoy is a sane head and a controlled writer Dostoyevs is so independent and adventurous ..

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