what is uveit? what are the symptoms and treatment options?

Uveitis is generally called a series of conditions that cause inflammation of the middle layer of the eye and surrounding tissues. It can be painful. It causes redness and blur in the eyes. Eye damage, viral or bacterial infection and some underlying diseases may cause uveitis. The eye may cause swelling and damage to the tissues. Untreated can lead to loss of vision. One or two eyes can affect the same.

Uveitis is not only used to refer to uveitis, but it is also used to refer to any part of the eye inside. It is not a major disease and has different causes. It is the leading cause of vision loss in Turkey. This has serious social and economic consequences, basically affecting people between 20 and 60 years of age. A reddened eye can be a sign of uveitis. It consists of uvea, iris, choroid, and siliceous body. Irisitis is the most common type of uveitis. Uvea is also known as uveal layer, uveal coat, uveal tract or vascular tunic.

The colored part of the eye surrounding the pupil is called the iris. The parcel plan is one of the eye layers. Choroid is the part that gives light sensation in the thin structure between the white of the eye and the sclera and the retina. The silvery body is the muscle ring behind the iris. This tissue web combines iris and choroid. There are also different types of uveitis. Middle uveitis can be a sign of vitritis or pars planitis. Vitritis is the inflammation of the vitreous cavity of the jelly-like part of the eye. The inflammation of pars plana is pars planitis. Posterior uveitis is inflammation of the retina and choroid.

Uveitin signs and symptoms include;

* General vision problems, including blurred or misty vision

* Eye pain and redness

* An abnormal sensitivity to light

* Iris color change

Symptoms may appear slowly or rapidly. The exact cause of uveitis is usually uncertain, but some factors increase the chances of it occurring. These; Other immune system disorders such as juvenile arthritis, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory disorders such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, AIDS / HIV and other diseases that weaken the immune system. Among the infections that increase uveitis risk include HIV, Lyme disease, syphilis, toxoplasmosis and tuberculosis.

An eye doctor or eye specialist will ask for information about signs, symptoms and the onset of the event.
The doctor will look at the statement and check the underlying conditions. It is important to know whether uveitis is caused by an infection or an underlying disease. If any other underlying underlying uveitis develops, the ophthalmologist may refer the patient to another specialist to ensure that the patient has received appropriate treatment. If uveitis is present, white blood cells in the eye fluid can be seen on the microscope. The doctor can also administer blood tests and x-ray therapy.

Patients with urgent and appropriate treatment with uveitis usually heal. Continuation of normal life without treatment creates risks of cataract, glaucoma, band keratopathy, retinal edema and permanent vision loss. Antibiotics or antiviral drugs will be used if there is an infection.

Drugs are sometimes given in the form of eye drops, tablets or injections into the eye. Steroids are effective in the treatment of inflammation. Surgery may be necessary if the symptoms are severe and there is a risk of vision loss, or if the patient does not respond well to other therapies. Rapid and appropriate treatment and close follow-up significantly reduce the chance of complications. Investigations are under way to find possible causes of uveitis and new treatment methods.
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