what is the legend?


They are stories that are shaped in the mouth of the people, circulating in their mouths and having extraordinary qualities. »The story is called« myth », which extends to ancient times. Every nation that lives on earth has various myths. The main Turkish legends are the Oguz legend and the continuing Ergenekon legend. The event, which is the foundation of the legend, passes from mouth to mouth, from generations to generations, by changing the way people think. Every nation has many myths in its own language. Some of them have been adopted by many nations, and the same myth has been placed on many different names with different names.

The word seen in the form of flesh and flesh is originally Persian. story and adventure. It has been used to convey and describe past situations. In time, the truths became invisible, and the people, in the form of fables, told in tale. Word; has also been used for famous and resemblance manners. In this respect, it became a legend in language. In fact, the legend is unfounded, empty words; it is a story and a story. In this way, it is said that the Arabic masterpiece of the Ottoman Turkic was the equivalent of the plural. In the Greek word "mythos, myth" gradually entered into our language and passed to the western languages ​​as the word mythe. In Turkish, it has been seen that the legendary phrase passed by the French was used in some places.


It is a fact that the date on which we started has not been known yet but has lived in different ways in our time, suffering from various changes of a legend, a fairy tale or a legend. It is possible to see the difference in the forms of this utterance in legend as well as not to lose the actual position. Legends more often came about in matters of faith, spoken about almost everywhere; are the products of folk literature that try to explain the forms of existence of the kinsites and of the hadiths, whether they are real or not, for some reason. Beliefs are the main weight of the fathers who base their sources on the tarihe and dana, and the tribes on the nourishing field.

But it is about beliefs in myths; local and national beliefs, as well as the fact that mankind is in the frame of true beliefs, are also affected by the superstitions. The hadiths that have been told have linked mankind to a certain place, and have given names related to the place. Legends in the creation of the beings and the emergence of the hadiths are gathered in four ways: the theology (cosmogony), the anthropology (how the human being exists), the eschatology (the future of man and the world)

Şahmeran legend (top picture)

Formation of legends
In order to be able to explain the formation of legends (their emergence), it is first necessary to investigate their roots. Because, when legends are formed, they differ according to the sources and roots they feed. I mean, not all myths pass through the same formation process. What might be the reason why my legendary formations differ in such a way, why do not they go through the same process? The answer to these questions is about the roots of legends. Legends are not one, but a few. we can list these roots as follows:

1. Mythological roots,
2. Historical roots,
3. Religious roots,
4. Hayli, fantastic roots

These roots are not seen in every legend. One of the roots gained importance according to the pedigree of the legend. For example, historical roots in historical myths, religious roots in religious myths, mythological and fantastic roots in arabic myths are important. It should be noted, however, that one legend may have more than one root. In other words, a legendary religious or fictitious root can be found where historical roots dominate. Mythological roots are complex roots. There are elements of imagination as well as traces of old religious beliefs in them.

It is difficult to separate these elements. Both Western scholars and Oriental scholars agree that mythology and mythology are very close to each other. Much of mythological roots in myths stem from old belief systems. In addition to affecting the human being with mysteriousness, fear and a sense of urgency, Mitler enables these thoughts to gain a general characteristic by systematizing their views on certain events, their objects, their thinking about them. These dreams have begun to become a system of religious beliefs, with explanations increasingly functioning.

There may be real events in this system that have been or may have been in history, as well as imaginary, "make-up" elements that originate from the public or narrator's imagination. Historical events and popular fantasies have become a system of belief by combining the thoughts and explanations about the objects and events that the people can not reason with. Here are some elements of this belief system that today are rooted in legends. Especially in the legends related to the celestial beings and the beaker, it is necessary to search mythological roots like this.

The characteristics of the legend
• Legends are short public statements.
• They are shaped around a single motif.
• Legends are sacred. They contain religious elements.
• In legends, reality is not objective. So reality depends on belief.
• It must be extraordinary.
• Sacred-Truth-Extraordinary legends occur around these three elements. If either of these happens, it becomes a legend.
• Legends have three roots. These; religion, mythology and history. People are explained around the person, the event and the space.
• Heroes are generally religious, mythic or historical personalities.
• Myths are heroes or semi-gods. There is no god or semi-god at the moment. In this direction, we can separate the myth from legend.
• The myths that are least believable are mythic legends. In religious myths, extraordinary is considered miraculous.
• Very rarely stereotyped expression is used in legends. This direction also leaves the table.

People's myths and myths
Legends, Myths; fairytale products. There is "extraordinary" in these, but it follows the beliefs of the society. Indeed, it can be counted as an imaginative solution of nature and natural phenomena, which are fleshed with folks, secrets and magic. What is this world? Where did he come from? Every primitive society has solved this with its own imagination. The Turks also believed in a creation that remained in Central Asia for centuries.

Legend in Turkish Literature
They have a fact in the past, however, that the true aspects of the people have been forgotten by things that they have added to their own imagination, and they have been changed. Paradise is like Bursa's legend, Martyrs Rock legend. Of course, Bursa has an establishment date and a reason for its collapse. But the people have so legended it with their own imagination that they are never looking for them, their historical facts. Other nations also have such myths, mythologies, and inspiration for nice chapels.

In ours, we received the receivables from these sources and earned our literature on marbles of Cennet Mountain, Cehennem Mountain, Ses Duyan Kızı Solo Efe, Çoban Çeşmesi and Sarı Kiz marble by Omer Seyfettin, Omer Seyfettin, Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel and Omer Bedrettin Uşaklıgil.

Social function of legends
The sanctity and sanctioning power has brought a very different position to the legend in terms of social functioning. An important work on myth, Prof. Dr. The social functions of the legend in the work of Bilge Seyidoğlun Erzurum Efsaneleri can be summarized as follows:

1. Tradition protects charity: We encounter ritivial behaviors in some places where the legend is formed, such as in the glass, in the castle, and in the places of visit. When such places are visited, some rules must be observed. Visits are made around three to seven times, forty times, and visits are repeated on certain days with certain occurrences.

Legends gathering leads them to be good, suggesting what is to be done and what is not to be done. It encourages people to do good by suggesting that the weak should protect the weak from the material weak.

They give meaning to where they are formed: they give a different look at where they are formed. Apart from the fact of history, the fact that people create legends around a certain place as real and sacred means that they share this truth with it. So people value more what they see as a piece of themselves, and the meaning becomes deeper.

Role of preventive and curative: The legends of the place have both the place where they are formed and the protective action they believe in. it is not even possible to change or even repair the place of the rally which is believed to have been placed by an extraordinary and sacred person. these sacred places have been protected for centuries because they have not been handed down. Legends also have a therapeutic function. the public visits the Turks and sacred tombs in order to cure various diseases. They believe they will heal.

What does "legend" mean in the dictionary?
1. Imaginary story, rhetoric, which has been talked about since ancient times, which deals with phenomena, events.
2. Untrue, unfounded promise, story, etc.
3. Explaining the successes, superiorities and life of one person by exaggerating.

Use in sentences
One of the fabricated myths about Hamdi's life is that he became this because of a great love.
- Y. K. Karaosmanoğlu

The story of the legendary english
n. fable, tale, story, myth, legend, saga
Origin: Persian
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