what is antidepressant? what are the uses and side effects?

The antidepressants used by more people in our country for 30-40 years are medical medicines prescribed by the doctor which alleviate the symptoms of depression and other psychiatric problems and enable the treatment process to continue in the most harmless way and be successful. The reason why antidepressant drugs are being used so much in our country is loneliness in the society, increase in individuality, increasing problems in social, economic and bilateral relations. The health and pharmaceutical industry, which has problems related to safety, is also thought to be interested in this business. People are in a great dissatisfaction with their work life and family life and are vulnerable to mental problems. Trying to solve the problems alone increases communication burdens, and people become depressed. Antidepressant medicines temporarily relieve the feelings of depression.

How do antidepressants work?

Antidepressant drugs relieve the imbalance in neurotransmitters secreted by nerve cells that cause changes in behavior and moods. Antidepressants, which are also used in psychiatric disorders such as stress, anxiety disorders and social anxiety, affect the amount of some chemical substances called neurotransmitters, serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, which communicate in nerve cells. Once taken, antidepressant medicines are passed to the pancreas and small intestines and absorbed. The chemicals that go into the blood are changed by the liver, the things are different and the blood is carried to the brain. The chemistry that passes through the brain barrier shows its effects in the nerve cells. In short, the target cells of drugs are neurons called neurons. Medicines do not change the situations that exist in one's life, but they make things feel different.

Situations Where Antidepressant Needs

It is not possible to take antidepressants without a prescription. Physicians who specialize in psychiatric diseases first examine patients and make diagnoses and write them on the prescription for the disease. Antidepressants are also used in social phobia, especially depression, obsessions, panic attacks, insomnia and anxiety.

How long should antidepressants be used?

Antidepressants, which are prescribed by psychiatrists and which are addictive, are found to be effective for 3 weeks. The duration of use for some serious illnesses can be 1 or 2 years. Generally, the medicines that should be taken in the morning when they are full should be used regularly and in the manner prescribed by the doctor, and the treatment should not be left untill the end. Otherwise the disease may recur. If the drug is to be discontinued, the doctor should be informed and controlled and the dosage should be reduced. It is important to remember that these types of medicines are harmful to the brain because of their effects on the brain, and that malpractice should be used on a timely basis.

Are There Side Effects of Antidepressants?

As with any medication, antidepressants also have side effects. Side effects occur either as long as they continue or after they are released and are different in each patient. If medicines for other diseases are being taken, psychiatrists will write prescriptions to the prescription for the patient. Some of the side effects of antidepressant drugs are:
* Insomnia or excessive sleep
* Increased worry
* Weight gain
* Bowel disorders, diarrhea or constipation
* Midede nausea
* Sexual reluctance, unable to orgasm
* Sadness feeling
* Being jolly, feeling like drunkenness
Antidepressants can cause side effects such as vomiting and dizziness when taken with alcohol. If the side effects, which may be different according to the individual, take a long time, you should go to the doctor again. Side effects will decrease when the doctor changes the medication and dosage. Doctor and patient cooperation is important for the success of treatment. Also, the people around the patients should be careful and conscious. Exposure to traumatic events may result in treatment. It will be useful to be able to motivate the patient. Antidepressants do not change personality and people who use antidepressants are not dangerous people to be afraid of. On the contrary, antidepressants have the ability to soothe.

Are antidepressants alone enough?

In the treatment of psychiatric disorders, drug treatment is organized in the first place. With antidepressants, serotonin, which is missing in the brain, is replaced and suppresses bad feelings. The reason for feeling good is that medicines increase sleepiness and calm some patients. In cases of severe depression, antidepressants may prevent the suicide tendency. Since antidepressants are also diverse in themselves, they will be given the appropriate one for the disease. However, treatment needs to be supported by behavioral therapies in order to be transformed into sustainable changes.

Can Children Use Antidepressants?

Antidepressants can be used after the psychiatric examination of the problems of children and adolescents as well as in the psychiatric problems of adults. Treatment should also be strengthened by therapies conducted by a psychiatrist. Families should be cautious about suicide attempts when using antidepressants. Children who use medicines have the following symptoms, and if they are progressing rather than recovering, they should be taken back to their doctors without much time being lost. These symptoms are:
* Panic attacks
*Sleeping disorders
* Thinking about death
* Suicide bending
* Do not hurt yourself or otherwise harm
* Restlessness, extreme haste
* Exaggerated increase in conversations and behaviors
* More and more sad states
* Violence, hostility, aggression
* Trying to stay alone
* The worst depression situations
* Increase in problems in school
In today's living conditions, people have reduced social relations, support and friendships. Consumer frenzy and the fact that digital devices such as smartphones are used more often distract and isolate people from the reality of society. The quality of time and communication that parents have left for their children has also decreased. These loneliness and disjunctions require people to struggle on their own when faced with problems and are increasing their susceptibility to depression.

Do not be afraid to go to psychiatry

It is now known that many diseases are based on depression and stress, and psychiatrists are more likely to cope with these problems than they used to be. Since the number of patients is increasing, the number of physicians is also increasing. It makes more sense to go to a psychiatrist who can be easily reached instead of struggling with problems and getting tired. She goes to a psychiatrist and is not embarrassed to be using antidepressants and should not be afraid of those around her.
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