what is air pollution?


Air pollution means that foreign matter in the air that affects the health of living things negatively and / or causes material damage, reaches the quantity and density above normal.

In other words, air pollution; liquid, and gas in the air in quantities, intensities and atmospheres that will harm human health, live life and ecological balance. The living life on the earth is affected negatively by polluting the air layer with the wastes generated during the production and consumption activities of the people's various activities.

Types of air pollution
We can detain air pollution according to sources;

1) Non-heating pollution: widespread use of coal for heating, low calorie and high sulfur content, and application of improper combustion techniques lead to air pollution.

2- Air pollution from motor vehicles: In parallel with the rise in population and income level, exhaust gases from motor vehicles, which are increasing in number rapidly, constitute an important factor in air pollution. This requires frequent checks of the exhaust filter.



3- Air pollution caused by the industry: the wrong choice of places in the establishment of industrial facilities, the lack of necessary precautions in terms of protection of the environment (chimney filtration, no treatment plant etc.), the use of unsuitable technologies, the use of unskilled and high sulfur fuels in energy generating combustion units, are among the leading factors.

The effects of air pollution
Dirty air causes respiratory tract diseases in humans. For example; it is known that lead inhibits the development and maturation of blood cells, it affects the health negatively by accumulating in the stomach and urine, and carbon monoxide (CO) inhibits oxygen transport by combining with the hemoglobin in the blood. However, sulfur dioxide (SO2) has sharp, choking, and irritating effects on the upper airways. Especially smoke penetrates into the alveoli from the lungs and has a negative effect. It is also harmful to sulfur dioxide and ozone plants; especially ozone, causes product losses and damages forests.

It has been determined that the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases by 5%, which is the result of destruction of forests and change of land, fossil fuels used in industry, industry and heating. This is predicted to lead to global warming.

Measures that can be taken to prevent air pollution:

1- Filter installation should be provided to the chimneys of the industrial plants, and the location of the industrial establishments should be regularly selected.

2- High-calorie coal should be used to heat the houses, the boilers and stove pipes must be cleaned every year.

3- Attention should be given to the isolation of windows, doors and roofs.

4- Be careful that the used stoves are TSE certified.

5- Natural gas usage should be promoted and encouraged.

6- The use of illegal coal, which is low in calories and pollutes the air, should be prevented.

7- Heating and natural gas boilers should be maintained periodically.

8- Kalorifers must be participated in the fire-fighting courses.

9- Central heating systems should be used in new settlements.

10- Green areas should be increased and air pollution reduction measures should be applied in zoning plans.

11- Public transport must be widespread.

12- In order to prevent air pollution, as a source of energy instead of using fossil fuel, solar energy, wind energy and geothermal energy sources should be emphasized.

13- The green areas should be increased while the industrial facilities are being established, and the planned industrial wastes should be prevented from being given to the air without being adequately filtered.

14- Measures should be taken to reduce the pollution caused by the exhaust of cars in the city. These pollutants cause ozone formation in the winter months, making the breathing of the living difficult.

15- People should be encouraged to use public transportation, and natural gas used as fuel should be used in public transportation vehicles.

16- Forests should be speeded up with the prevention of destruction and afforestation activities.

17- The ozone layer is damaged by the effects of substances such as chlorofluorocarbons. Chemicals that can be used in place of these substances should be investigated.

18- Always sensitive people should encourage and help other sensitive people with various posters to find solutions to this and many other problems.

Besides all these factors; prevention of incineration of waste in incompatible facilities and elimination of industrial sites should be carried out by considering the dominant winds outside the settlement areas, prevention of construction around these areas in the development plans and periodical measurements of exhaust gas emissions of the vehicles. motor vehicles using alternative energy must be developed and encouraged.
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