what are the reasons for global warming?

What is Global Warming?
Global warming is caused by gases released to the atmosphere due to natural causes or human activities. This phenomenon, called the greenhouse effect, represents an increase in the average temperature of land, sea and air on Earth.

The greenhouse effect was first described by Josef Werne, professor of geology and environmental science at the University of Pittsburgh. Simply stated, sunlight strikes the earth's surface and returns to the atmosphere as heat, and atmospheric gases catch this temperature. It has been suggested by Werne that greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide hold heat closer to the Earth's surface and small changes in the amount of gas can make a big difference in temperature ratios. Today's global warming values ​​are higher than the last 650,000 years. It is said that this situation will greatly affect human life in the coming years.


What are the Reasons for Global Warming?
Due to global warming, the temperature of the world is increasing twice as fast as the rate of increase of 50 years ago. The factors that cause global warming can be summarized as follows:

1.) One of the most important causes is the greenhouse effect, which is the result of human activities. These greenhouse gases can be exemplified by carbon dioxide, methane, ozone. Fossil fuels for the production increase and energy production from the industrial revolution to day-to-day increase the greenhouse effect considerably.

2.) Human needs are increasing in modern and developing world. Along with growth, people began to increase the use of fossil fuels for automobile and consumer goods demand, transport and manufacturing.

3.) Deforestation has begun with the destruction of forests for fuel use. Forests remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it. This deforestation, while releasing carbon dioxide in large quantities atmospheres, also reduces the amount of carbon capture on the planet.

4.) In the 20th century, the use of chemical fertilizers began to increase. High nitrogen content in chemical fertilizer causes heat storage of effective areas. In addition, excessive use of fertilizers causes adverse effects on health due to dead zones and high nitrate levels in groundwater.

5.) Methane is the strongest greenhouse gases after Carbon Dioxide. Biological wastes are broken down into bacteria in an anaerobic environment (anaerobic disruption). As a result of this fragmentation, the biogas contains methane (CH4) gas, which is about 21 times more potent global warming than carbondioxide.

What are the consequences of global warming?
Global warming is causing harmful consequences that threaten the lives of people and other living things. Global warming losses are as follows:

1.) Ocean glaciers have begun to erupt due to the increasing global temperatures. As a result of this erimene, there will be a significant rise in sea level worldwide and millions of people will experience the effects of ascension.

2.) Changes in temperature and precipitation increase the frequency, duration and severity of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, temperature fluctuations and hurricanes.

3.) High or low agricultural yield due to climate change, more glaciers, possible destruction of species due to decreasing summer rainfall.

4.) It is stated that due to the rising temperatures, coral populations in the oceans will collapse by 2100. Coral reefs that are destroyed due to ocean acidification and effects play a major role in the oceanic temperature and life of other living things.

5.) As a result of global warming, people will begin to migrate to find a better living space.

What Should We Do to Prevent Global Warming?
Carbon dioxide is the most important cause of climate change. The contribution to climate change can be reduced by reducing the use of fuels such as petroleum, coal, and fossils. By using renewable energy sources, carbon dioxide emission can be reduced to the minimum. Avoiding excessive energy use at home, saving water usage, creating less waste, using energy-saving light bulbs seems to be the most beneficial process that can be done at home. Increasing forest areas, ie afforestation, will help make the world livable for the future.
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