follow andalusian traces in spain

Al-Andalus is the name given to the region in the Iberian Peninsula that was ruled by Araplar from 711 to 1492. I come to the history of Andalusia. The Umayyad State had the whole of North Africa in the 7th century. Tarik bin Ziyad was assigned to cross the Gibraltar Strait and pass the Iberian Peninsula. Tariq bin Ziyad defeated the Visigoth Kingdom and captured the Iberian Peninsula. The original brilliant period in the area ruled by Umayyad governors until 750 began in 756 and lasted for nearly 300 years. During this time Kurtuba became the third important science center after Baghdad and Cairo. Three religions also lived in peace in Andalusia. The foundations of European enlightenment were laid here. The inventors such as silk, gunpowder and compass met with the Europeans. Important people such as philosophy, sociology, music were present in the fields. Today, many important museums can be seen from the days of Andalusia. These lands must be seen in terms of the contributions of the Andalusian State, one of the most important states in history, in the field of culture and art, their contribution to the arts, their culminating successes, and their reflection on the Islamic world in those periods. When you visit Andalusia, you will find yourself in a different world.



Andalusia, which gives early Renaissance to Europe, constitutes about 17 percent of the territory of Spain. The most important cities are Cordoba, Sevilla, Malaga, Granada, Huelva, Cadiz, Almeria and Jaen. Follow the signs of Andalusia in Spain with us. Remember, you have not seen Spain without seeing Andalusia.

Cordoba (Kurtuba)

Kurtuba, the capital of the Andalusian state for about 3 centuries, has also been a center of politics, science and culture. Kurtuba Mosque, built in 786, is just one of the mosques in those days. The majestic mosque, made of red and white marbles, has 1293 columns. The mosque on the river Guadalquivir is the cathedral since 1236. The works of the Andalusian State, which left its mark on the restoration of the Roman Bridge, can be seen in the Andalusian Museum. Built in the 8th century, the Royal Palace of Alcazar, which takes its name from the palace. The synagogue built in 1315 with the architecture of the Maghrib is located in the Jewish Quarter.

Sevilla (Occupation)

The Alcazar Palace, one of the most beautiful examples of Islamic motifs, is one of the most popular buildings in the city. Sevilla Cathedral, when it was built, was converted into a cathedral. Today, only the minaret survived. The Golden Tower, built in 1220, has been sparkling for centuries with gold starred tiles on a polygonal 12-sided plan.

Malaga (Maleka)

There are two important castles in the city. Gibralfaro is one of the works done in the Andalusian period. The 11th-century built-in city, which was enlarged in the 13th and 14th centuries, can be viewed as a panoramic view. The castle is 130 meters high. In the other castle, Alcazaba Castle, the Arab Emirate resided at the time. There are palm and eucalyptus trees around the two castles and both can be seen as discounted by taking a double ticket.

Granada

The Alhambra Palace, built in 1232 in Granada, the last castle of Andalusia, is one of the finest examples of Islamic architecture, as it is the last castle to the Christians. The palace decorations attract attention. The Granada Cathedral, located next to the Alhambra Palace, is also an old mosque. The Generalife Gardens, which the Arabs call Paradise al-arif, are located to the north of Elhramra. Back then, these gardens were used to escape the heat of the city, to cool off. Albaicin Arab neighborhood is one of the places to be seen. Gırnata is also known as one of the places where flamenco music is born.

Huelva (Velbe, Üvenbe)

In the city which is also famous for the Andalusian dance arts, it is possible to see the tomb book from Muslims in Huelva Geography Museum. The al-Muretestir Mosque in El-Meryestir Castle was built in the 9th to 10th centuries. The 12th-century city gate and the city walls look almost like they were built.

Cadiz (Kadis), Almeria (Elmeriye), Jaen (Ceyhan)

Cadiz, a deeply sheltered and very sheltered city, is located in the volcanic mountains of Almeria, in other important cities of Jaen Andalus in Central Andalusia. Apart from the Andalusian houses in some neighborhoods of Cadiz, there are no remains from the Andalusian period in this city. Cults from the Andalusian period can be seen in the Archeology Museum. The castle on the rocks north of Almeria is still intact. Almeria, an important Mediterranean port city at the time, trained many literary and scientific scholars. The mosque in Jaen was first turned into a church and then collapsed into a cathedral. The Arabic Baths, known as the Baños Arabes, are located in the old quarter of the city with narrow streets.
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