factors affecting parental attitudes

There are many factors that influence parental attitudes, but in general the factors that influence parental childrearing attitudes can be grouped under four headings:

1. Socio-demographic characteristics of the family

2. Parents' self-cultivation styles

3. Parents' knowledge of child development

4. Temperament characteristics of children

Socio-demographic characteristics of the family

The differences in parents' cultural differences, social class differences, education status and occupation, age, family relations and social relations with the environment, gender of the child, birth order, number of children in the family, socio- economic status of the family, affects the parenting attitude of raising children.

Studies show that parental attitudes change according to the region in which they live. It has been determined that parents in rural areas have a more democratic attitude than parents in urban areas, where parents in urban areas adopt more protective and tougher disciplinary attitudes than parents in rural areas.

Educational status of parents is an influential factor on attitudes. According to research done, there is a possibility that the attitudes of primary school graduate parents and high school graduate parents to their children are different. As parents learn more, they are more democratic towards their children and educated parents are more conscious about understanding their children's development than their untrained parents.

Your parents' age of having children is another factor that influences their attitudes towards their children. Particularly, mothers who have children at a young age have been shown to be less interested in their children and have a lower level of caring behavior and interest in the child, for a variety of reasons, such as the lack of life experiences and the fact that they are still in adolescence.
The fact that the income level of the family is high or low plays an important role in the development of the child. In families with low socioeconomic levels, basic needs are often not met, children's movements are limited, and if parents are not careful with their children, they can adversely affect children's development. Mothers at low socioeconomic levels have been found to be more psychologically worn out due to limited economic opportunities and to be able to behave harder towards their stressed children.

Gender of the children can be effective in the attitudes of the parents. Our society is generally tolerant of boys, while girls are more repressive. Parents may have different expectations for girls and boys, and differences in their attitudes towards them.

It shows that the quality of the relationship between wife and husband affects the relationship between mother and child. If the relationship between the spouses is not healthy, the mother transfers all her interest and love to her child in order to fill this gap, which can prevent the child from developing an independent personality. Children are the ones most affected by the communication disorder between the parents. If parents and children show equal love and understanding to their children, the relationships with them will be more balanced and positive.

A more active role in the business life of the annelies can have an effect on the behavior of child rearing. people spend most of their time working. Parents' professions can affect personality traits. Parents who work in a constantly stressful environment can feel the tension that they have experienced throughout the day, whether they go home or not.

Other people who live together with the family are able to influence their attitudes towards the children of their parents. Sometimes in the environment where the family lives, close relatives such as grandmother, grandfather, aunt, uncle, still and uncle can be found. These people will intervene in the child's education. Children are not harmed if joint behavior is demonstrated on the child's education. If the rules of your parents are broken, the child will be hurt. Other people in the family should value the parents and not be abusive with the child.
Parents' self-cultivation styles

Parental influence plays an important role in the formation of attitudes. It can be said that the only factor in determining what kind of attitude the child will develop is the parent, especially in the pre-school period, because the child sees his / her parents as the only authority to inform, reward and punish him / her. While they affect the formation of parental personality, they also give a training on how to be a parent. Persons with paternity and motherhood qualifications have most likely earned these qualities in the first years of their childhood. In this period, the child becomes identified with his / her parents and models their behaviors on the issue of raising children. Parents who grow up in a democratic environment may not be a big problem. However, parents who are overprotected in an oppressive environment can pose a great danger to the children they grow up with.

Parents adopt traditional approaches that their parents have adopted when their children face a problem, and so they repeat the mistakes their parents make. If the traditional methods that do not fit the age are inadequate, they do not know how to behave.

Parents' knowledge of child development

It is possible for parents to gain the behavior and habits desired by their children, to be able to express themselves freely, to express their emotions and thoughts, and to be entrepreneurial individuals, first of all to recognize, understand and communicate with them in a healthy way. Parents sometimes get involved in raising a child in a way that is more appropriate for their imagination than for their child's interest, so they try to educate them with an expectation that exceeds their capacity.

Because of this, parents can make some mistakes about preparing their children for the future better or meeting the economic requirements of the age. It is an indispensable condition for every parent to acquire the necessary information in order to educate a child well.

Individual characteristics of children

Temperament influences the child's level of activity, his reaction to new environments and his emotions. Research has shown that the child's temperament affects the parents. It has been seen that children who are considered difficult are more under control and conflicts between mother and child, and more discordant children are neglected.
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